Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774-1949

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Author: U.S. Congress

Crawford, William Harris

Crawford, William Harris, a Senator from Georgia; born in Nelson County, Va., February 24, 1772; moved with his father to Edgefield District, S.C., in 1779 and to Columbia County, Ga., in 1783; pursued classical studies in a private school and in Richmond Academy, Augusta, Ga.; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Lexington, Ga., in 1799; appointed to prepare a digest of the laws of Georgia in 1799; member of the State house of representatives 1803-1807; elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Abraham Baldwin and served from November 7, 1807, to March 23, 1813, when he resigned; elected President pro tempore of the Senate March 24, 1812; declined the portfolio of Secretary of War tendered by President Madison in 1813; Minister to France from April 3, 1813, to April 22, 1815; returned home to act as agent for the sale of the land donated by Congress to Lafayette; appointed Secretary of War in the Cabinet of President Madison on August 1, 1815; was transferred to the Treasury October 22, 1816, and served under Presidents Madison and Monroe until March 7, 1825; unsuccessful Democratic candidate for President of the United States in 1824; on account of illness refused the tender of President Adams that he remain Secretary of the Treasury; his course as Secretary of the Treasury was criticized and was made the subject of congressional investigation, but the committee unanimously declared the charges unfounded; returned to Georgia and was appointed judge of the northern circuit court in 1827, which position he held until his death in Oglethorpe County, Ga., September 15, 1834; interment on his estate, "Woodlawn," near Crawford, Oglethorpe County, Ga.

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Chicago: U.S. Congress, "Crawford, William Harris," Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774-1949 in U.S. Congress, Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774–1949 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950), P.1032 Original Sources, accessed September 25, 2018, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=CRAQQTNYB9JYXE1.

MLA: U.S. Congress. "Crawford, William Harris." Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774-1949, in U.S. Congress, Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774–1949 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950), P.1032, Original Sources. 25 Sep. 2018. www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=CRAQQTNYB9JYXE1.

Harvard: U.S. Congress, 'Crawford, William Harris' in Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774-1949. cited in , U.S. Congress, Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774–1949 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950), P.1032. Original Sources, retrieved 25 September 2018, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=CRAQQTNYB9JYXE1.