A Dictionary of American History

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Author: Thomas L. Purvis  | Date: 1995

Sioux Indians

Sioux Indians These Indians call themselves the Dakota, but are best known as Sioux, a term the French corrupted from an Ojibwa word meaning “enemy.” They occupied the upper Mississippi valley in 1780 and may have numbered 25,000. They included three main divisions: Santee (Sisseton, Mdewakanton, Wahpekute, and Wahpeton bands), Yankton (Yankton and Yanktonai bands), and Teton (Brule, Blackfoot, Hunkpapa, Miniconjou, Oglala, Sans-Arc, and Two-Kettle). The Santee fought the first Sioux War and were then restricted to reservations in Minn., S.Dak., N.Dak., and Nebr. Most Yankton peacefully accepted reservation status in S.Dak. after 1865. The Tetons were aggressive buffalo followers and warred with neighboring Indians over hunting territories; after the the second and third Sioux Wars, they were settled on reservations in N.Dak., S.Dak., and Mont. The Tetons’ last engagement with the army was the Wounded Knee massacre.

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Chicago: Thomas L. Purvis, "Sioux Indians," A Dictionary of American History in A Dictionary of American History (Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell Reference, 1995), Original Sources, accessed September 22, 2018, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=CY5YR93DGGNHQWQ.

MLA: Purvis, Thomas L. "Sioux Indians." A Dictionary of American History, in A Dictionary of American History, Cambridge, Mass., Blackwell Reference, 1995, Original Sources. 22 Sep. 2018. www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=CY5YR93DGGNHQWQ.

Harvard: Purvis, TL, 'Sioux Indians' in A Dictionary of American History. cited in 1995, A Dictionary of American History, Blackwell Reference, Cambridge, Mass.. Original Sources, retrieved 22 September 2018, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=CY5YR93DGGNHQWQ.