Collected Works of John Wesley, Volume XIV

Contents:
Author: John Wesley

SECTION IV.
OF AUXILIARY VERBS.

1. The Indicative Mood has seven Tenses: Four simple, and three compound.

2. The simple are, the Present, the Imperfect, (which speaks of an action past, without mentioning the time,) the Preterperfect Definite, (which does mention the time,) and the Future.

3. The compound are, the Perfect Indefinite, (which speaks of an action perfectly past, without mentioning the time,) the First Preterpluperfect, which does not, and the Second, which does, specify the time.

4. The Subjunctive Mood has three simple, and four compound Tenses.

5. The simple are, the Present, the First Imperfect, and the Second Imperfect.

6. The compound are, the Preterperfect, the First Preterpluperfect, the Second Preterpluperfect, and the Future.

7. There are two auxiliary Verbs, avoir and etre.

8. Avoir, to have, is conjugated thus: —

INDICATIVE MOOD.

Present.

Sing.J’ai,tu as,il a.

I have,thou hast,he hath.

Plu.Nous avons,vous avez,ilsont.

We have,you have,they have.

Imperfect.

Sing.J’avois,tu avois,il avoit.

I had,thou hadst,he had.

Plu.avions,aviez,avoient.

we had,ye had,they had.

Preterperfect Definite.

Sing.eus,eus,eut.

I have had, etc.

Plu.eumes,eutes,eurent.

We have had, etc.

Future.

Sing.aurai,auras,aura.

I shall or will have, etc.

Plu.aurons,aurez,auront.

We shall or will have, etc.

The three compound Tenses are a repetition of the three first simple Tenses, with eu subjoined to each Person.

Preterperfect Indefinite.

Sing.J’ai eu, etc.Plu.Nous avons eu, etc.

I have had.We have had.

First Preterpluperfect.

Sing.J’avois eu, etc.Plu.Nous avions eu, etc.

I had had.We had had.

Second Preterpluperfect.

Sing.J’eus eu, etc. Plu.Nous eumes eu, etc.

I had had.We had had.

IMPERATIVE MOOD.

Sing.Ayes,qu’il aye.

Have thou,let him have.

Plu.Ayons,qu’ils ayent.

Let us have,let them have.

SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD.

Present.

Sing.J’aye,ayes,ait.

I may or can have, etc.

Plu.Ayons,ayez,ayent.

We may or can have, etc.

First Imperfect.

Sing.J’aurois,tu aurois,il auroit.

I should have, etc.

Plu.Nous aurions,vouz auriez,ils auroient.

We should have, etc.

Second Imperfect.

Sing.Eusse,eusses,eusse.

I might have, etc.

Plu.Eussions,eussiez,eussent.

We might have, etc.

The four compound Tenses are a repetition of these sirnple Tenses, and of the Future of the Indicative, with eu subjoined to each Person.

Perfect.

Sing.J’aye eu, etc.Plu. Nous ayons eu, etc.

I may have had.

First Preterpluperfect.

Sing.J’aurois eu, etc.Plu. Nous aurions eu, etc.

I should have had.

Second Preterpluperfect.

Sing.J’eusse eu, etc.Plu. Nous eussions eu, etc.

I might have had.

Future.

Sing.J’aurai eu, etc.Plu. Nous aurons eu, etc.

I shall have had.

INFINITIVE MOOD.

Avoir, To have.

Participles.

Active. Ayant, having.Passive. Eu, had.

9. Etre, to be, is conjugated thus: —

INDICATIVE MOOD.

Present.

Sing.Je suis, es, est.Plu. Sommes, etes, sont.

I am, thou art, etc.

Imperfect.

Sing.Etois, etois, etoit.Plu. Etions, etiez, etoient.

I was, etc.

Perfect Definite.

Sing.Fus, fus, fut.Plu. Fumes, futes, furent.

I have been, etc.

Future.

Sing.Serai, seras, sera.Plu. Serons, serez, seront.

Ishall or will be, etc.

The compound Tenses are a repetition of the thrce first simple Tenses of avoir, with ete sub.joined to each Person.

Preterperfect Indefinite.

Sing.J’ai ete, etc.Plu. Nous avons ete, etc.

I have been.

First Preterpluperfect.

Sing.J’avois ete, etc.Plu. Nous avions ete; etc.

I had been.

Second Preterpluperfect.

Sing.J’eus ete, etc.Plu. Nous eumes ete, etc.

I had been.

IMPERATIVE MOOD.

Sing.Sois, qu’il soit. Plu. Soyons, soyez, qu’ils soient.

Be thou, etc.

SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD.

Present.

Sing.Je sois, sois, soit. Plu. Soyons, soyez, soient.

I may be.

First Imperfect.

Sing.Serois, serois, seroit.Plu. Serions, seriez, seroient.

I should be.

Second Imperfect (never used).

Sing.Fusse,fusses, fut.Plu. Fussions,fussiez,fussent.

I might be, etc.

The compound Tenses are a repetition of these simple Tenses, and of the Future of the Indicative of avoir, with ete subjoined.

Perfect.

Sing.J’aye ete, etc.Plu. Nous ayons ete, etc.

I may have been.

First Preterpluperfect.

Sing.J’aurois ete,etc.Plu. Nous aurions e!e, etc.

I should have been.

Second Preterpluperfect.

Sing.J’eusse ete, etc.Plu. Nous eussions ete, etc.

I might have been.

Future.

Sing.J’aurai ete, etc.Plu. Nous aurions ete, etc.

I shall have been.

INFINITIVE MOOD.

Etre, to be.

Participles.

Active. Etant, being.Passive. Ete, been.

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Chicago: John Wesley, "Section IV. Of Auxiliary Verbs.," Collected Works of John Wesley, Volume XIV, ed. Thomas Jackson in Collected Works of John Wesley, Volume XIV (London: Wesleyan Methodist Book Room, 1872), Original Sources, accessed September 21, 2018, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=D1DK2IMILUX3N4N.

MLA: Wesley, John. "Section IV. Of Auxiliary Verbs." Collected Works of John Wesley, Volume XIV, edited by Thomas Jackson, in Collected Works of John Wesley, Volume XIV, London, Wesleyan Methodist Book Room, 1872, Original Sources. 21 Sep. 2018. www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=D1DK2IMILUX3N4N.

Harvard: Wesley, J, 'Section IV. Of Auxiliary Verbs.' in Collected Works of John Wesley, Volume XIV, ed. . cited in 1872, Collected Works of John Wesley, Volume XIV, Wesleyan Methodist Book Room, London. Original Sources, retrieved 21 September 2018, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=D1DK2IMILUX3N4N.