Writings of James Madison, Volume 2

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Author: James Madison

To Thomas Jefferson.

PHILADELPHIA, May 25, 1794.

DEAR SIR,—The enclosed paper will give you the correspondence of Edmund Randolph and Hammond on an occurrence particularly interesting. You will be as able to judge as we are of the calculations to be rounded on it. The embargo expires to-day. A proposition some days ago for continuing it was negatived by a vast majority, all parties in the main concurring. The Republican was assured that the Embargo, if continued, would be considered by France as hostility. The other had, probably, an opposite motive. It now appears that throughout the Continent the people were anxious for its continuance, and it is probable that its expiration will save the West Indies from famine, without affording any sensible aid to France. A motion was put on the table yesterday for re-enacting it. Measures of this sort are not the fashion. To supplicate for peace, and, under the uncertainty of success, to prepare for war by taxes and troops, is the policy which now triumphs. Every attack on Great Britain through her commerce is at once discomfited, and all the taxes, that is to say, excises, stamps, &c., are carried by decided majorities. The plan for a large army has failed several times in the House of Representatives. It is now to be sent from the Senate, and being recommended by the Message of the President, accompanying the intelligence from the Miami, will probably succeed. The influence of the Executive on events, the use made of them, and the public confidence in the President, are an overmatch for all the efforts Republicanism can make. The party of that sentiment in the Senate is compleatly wrecked, and, in the House of Representatives, in a much worse condition than at an earlier period of the Session.

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Chicago: James Madison Jr., "To Thomas Jefferson.," Writings of James Madison, Volume 2 in James Madison, Letters and Other Writings of James Madison, 4 Vols. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co.), Pp.17-16 Original Sources, accessed April 21, 2018, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=D8YTXXC8QJUMJ5H.

MLA: Madison, James, Jr. "To Thomas Jefferson." Writings of James Madison, Volume 2, in James Madison, Letters and Other Writings of James Madison, 4 Vols. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co.), Pp.17-16, Original Sources. 21 Apr. 2018. www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=D8YTXXC8QJUMJ5H.

Harvard: Madison, J, 'To Thomas Jefferson.' in Writings of James Madison, Volume 2. cited in , James Madison, Letters and Other Writings of James Madison, 4 Vols. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co.), Pp.17-16. Original Sources, retrieved 21 April 2018, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=D8YTXXC8QJUMJ5H.