The Student’s Elements of Geology

Contents:
Author: Charles Lyell

Mammoth in Scotch Till.

Almost all remains of the terrestrial fauna of the Continent which preceded the period of submergence have been lost; but a few patches of estuarine and freshwater formations escaped denudation by submergence. To these belong the peaty clay from which several mammoths’ tusks and horns of reindeer were obtained at Kilmaurs, in Ayrshire as long ago as 1816. Mr. Bryce in 1865 ascertained that the fresh-water formation containing these fossils rests on carboniferous sandstone, and is covered, first by a bed of marine sand with arctic shells, and then with a great mass of till with glaciated boulders. (Bryce Quarterly Geological Journal volume 21 page 217 1865.) Still more recent explorations in the neighbourhood of Kilmaurs have shown that the fresh-water formation contains the seed of the pond-weed Potamogeton and the aquatic Ranunculus; and Mr. Young of the Glasgow Museum washed the mud adhering to the reindeer horns of Kilmaurs and that which filled the cracks of the associated elephants’ tusks, and detected in these fossils (which had been in the Glasgow Museum for half a century) abundance of the same seeds.

All doubts, therefore, as to the true position of the remains of the mammoth, a fossil so rare in Scotland, have been set at rest, and it serves to prove that part of the ancient continent sank beneath the sea at a period of great cold, as the shells of the overlying sand attest. The incumbent till or boulder clay is about 40 feet thick, but it often attains much greater thickness in the same part of Scotland.

Contents:

Related Resources

None available for this document.

Download Options


Title: The Student’s Elements of Geology

Select an option:

*Note: A download may not start for up to 60 seconds.

Email Options


Title: The Student’s Elements of Geology

Select an option:

Email addres:

*Note: It may take up to 60 seconds for for the email to be generated.

Chicago: Charles Lyell, "Mammoth in Scotch Till.," The Student’s Elements of Geology, ed. Bryant Conant, James and trans. Babington, B. G. (Benjamin Guy), 1794-1866 in The Student’s Elements of Geology Original Sources, accessed April 20, 2018, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=D96WWGG479HKS1K.

MLA: Lyell, Charles. "Mammoth in Scotch Till." The Student’s Elements of Geology, edited by Bryant Conant, James, and translated by Babington, B. G. (Benjamin Guy), 1794-1866, in The Student’s Elements of Geology, Original Sources. 20 Apr. 2018. www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=D96WWGG479HKS1K.

Harvard: Lyell, C, 'Mammoth in Scotch Till.' in The Student’s Elements of Geology, ed. and trans. . cited in , The Student’s Elements of Geology. Original Sources, retrieved 20 April 2018, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=D96WWGG479HKS1K.