The Student’s Elements of Geology

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Author: Charles Lyell

Chapter VIII. Chronological Classification of Rocks.

Aqueous, Plutonic, volcanic, and metamorphic Rocks considered chronologically. Terms Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary; Palaeozoic, Mesozoic, and Cainozoic explained. On the different Ages of the aqueous Rocks. Three principal Tests of relative Age: Superposition, Mineral Character, and Fossils. Change of Mineral Character and Fossils in the same continuous Formation. Proofs that distinct Species of Animals and Plants have lived at successive Periods. Distinct Provinces of indigenous Species. Great Extent of single Provinces. Similar Laws prevailed at successive Geological Periods. Relative Importance of mineral and palaeontological Characters. Test of Age by included Fragments. Frequent Absence of Strata of intervening Periods. Tabular Views of fossiliferous Strata.

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Chicago: Charles Lyell, "Chapter 8. Chronological Classification of Rocks," The Student’s Elements of Geology, ed. Bryant Conant, James and trans. Babington, B. G. (Benjamin Guy), 1794-1866 in The Student’s Elements of Geology Original Sources, accessed April 21, 2018, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=DATXWD7PH3ZCKS3.

MLA: Lyell, Charles. "Chapter 8. Chronological Classification of Rocks." The Student’s Elements of Geology, edited by Bryant Conant, James, and translated by Babington, B. G. (Benjamin Guy), 1794-1866, in The Student’s Elements of Geology, Original Sources. 21 Apr. 2018. www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=DATXWD7PH3ZCKS3.

Harvard: Lyell, C, 'Chapter 8. Chronological Classification of Rocks' in The Student’s Elements of Geology, ed. and trans. . cited in , The Student’s Elements of Geology. Original Sources, retrieved 21 April 2018, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=DATXWD7PH3ZCKS3.