A Dictionary of American History

Contents:
Author: Thomas L. Purvis  | Date: 1995

Wilson, (Thomas) Woodrow

Wilson, (Thomas) Woodrow (b. Staunton, Va., 28 December 1856; d. Washington, D.C., 3 February 1924) He was the first president to earn a Ph.D. (Johns Hopkins, 1885), became a nationally renowned educational leader, and was Princeton University president (1902–10). A Progressive Era reformer, he served as N.J. governor (1910–11). In 1912, after a come-from-behind victory over Champ Clark for the Democratic nomination for president, he promised a New Freedom and took 41 states, but just 41.9 percent of the vote. He actively involved himself in passing the Underwood–Simmons Tariff, Federal Reserve system, Federal Trade Commission, and Clayton Antitrust Act. He won reelection narrowly by just 12 electoral votes and with 49.4 percent of the ballots on the campaign slogan “he kept us out of war.”

The peaceful president twice ordered US intervention in Mexico, including a major invasion of the Mexican border. Unrestricted submarine warfare led him to bring the US into World War I in 1917. He attempted to influence a just peace by his Fourteen Points and attended the Versailles peace negotiations, but was disappointed by their final outcome. He waged a futile struggle to win US ratification of the treaty of Versailles and American entry to the League of Nations until he was incapacitated by a stroke at Pueblo, Colo., on 25 September 1919. He refused to resign, but was unable to function adequately for the rest of his term.

Contents:

Related Resources

None available for this document.

Download Options


Title: A Dictionary of American History

Select an option:

*Note: A download may not start for up to 60 seconds.

Email Options


Title: A Dictionary of American History

Select an option:

Email addres:

*Note: It may take up to 60 seconds for for the email to be generated.

Chicago: Thomas L. Purvis, "Wilson, (Thomas) Woodrow," A Dictionary of American History in A Dictionary of American History (Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell Reference, 1995), Original Sources, accessed April 23, 2018, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=DKXFZ5QGNGIQXH4.

MLA: Purvis, Thomas L. "Wilson, (Thomas) Woodrow." A Dictionary of American History, in A Dictionary of American History, Cambridge, Mass., Blackwell Reference, 1995, Original Sources. 23 Apr. 2018. www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=DKXFZ5QGNGIQXH4.

Harvard: Purvis, TL, 'Wilson, (Thomas) Woodrow' in A Dictionary of American History. cited in 1995, A Dictionary of American History, Blackwell Reference, Cambridge, Mass.. Original Sources, retrieved 23 April 2018, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=DKXFZ5QGNGIQXH4.