A Dictionary of American History

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Author: Thomas L. Purvis  | Date: 1995

Gregg v. Georgia

Gregg v. Georgia (decided with Proffitt v. Florida and Jurek v. Texas) On 2 July 1976, the Supreme Court clarified Furman v. Georgia by ruling (7–2) that death for first degree murder was not a cruel or unusual punishment under the Eighth Amendment, but that due process required judge and jury to consider both the offender’s individual character and the crime’s unique circumstances before imposing death. On 29 June 1977, the Court held (7–2) in Coker v. Georgia that death was an excessive punishment for rape. (SeeTison and Tison v. ArizonaandMcCleskey v. Kemp) Numerous difficulties continued to frustrate the imposition of death sentences after Gregg, and by 16 September 1994—when 37 states authorized capital punishment—just 251 executions had taken place in the US, of which over half occurred in Tex., Fla., and Va.

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Chicago: Thomas L. Purvis, "Gregg v. Georgia," A Dictionary of American History in A Dictionary of American History (Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell Reference, 1995), Original Sources, accessed September 20, 2018, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=DLIIVC9ZK1J5BXN.

MLA: Purvis, Thomas L. "Gregg v. Georgia." A Dictionary of American History, in A Dictionary of American History, Cambridge, Mass., Blackwell Reference, 1995, Original Sources. 20 Sep. 2018. www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=DLIIVC9ZK1J5BXN.

Harvard: Purvis, TL, 'Gregg v. Georgia' in A Dictionary of American History. cited in 1995, A Dictionary of American History, Blackwell Reference, Cambridge, Mass.. Original Sources, retrieved 20 September 2018, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=DLIIVC9ZK1J5BXN.