History of the American Nation by William J. Jackman

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Author: William James Jackman

The Mighty Onslaught of the Germans

When, on March 21, 1918, the German army on the western front began its series of offensives, it was by far the most formidable force the world had ever seen. In fighting men and guns it had a great superiority, but this was of less importance than the advantage in morale, in experience, in training for mobile warfare, and in unity of command. Ever since the collapse of the Russian armies and the crisis on the Italian front in the Fall of 1917, German armies were being assembled and trained for the great campaign which was to end the war before America’s effort could be brought to bear. Germany’s best troops, her most successful Generals, and all the experience gained in three years of war were mobilized for the supreme effort.

The first blow fell on the right of the British armies, including the junction of the British and French forces. Only the prompt cooperation of the French and British General Headquarters stemmed the tide. The reason for this objective was obvious and strikingly illustrated the necessity for having some one with sufficient authority over all the allied armies to meet such an emergency. The lack of complete cooperation among the Allies on the western front had been appreciated, and the question of preparation to meet a crisis had already received attention by the Supreme War Council. A plan had been adopted by which each of the Allies would furnish a certain number of divisions for a general reserve, to be under the direction of the military representatives of the Supreme War Council, of which General Foch was then the senior member. But when the time came to meet the German offensive in March these reserves were not found available and the plan failed.

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Chicago: William James Jackman, "The Mighty Onslaught of the Germans," History of the American Nation by William J. Jackman in William J. Jackman, Jacob H. Patton, and Rossiter Johnson. History of the American Nation, 9 Vols. (Chicago: K. Gaynor, 1911), Pp.2542-2543 Original Sources, accessed January 20, 2019, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=PVZ9XGXBTDCRGIL.

MLA: Jackman, William James. "The Mighty Onslaught of the Germans." History of the American Nation by William J. Jackman, in William J. Jackman, Jacob H. Patton, and Rossiter Johnson. History of the American Nation, 9 Vols. (Chicago: K. Gaynor, 1911), Pp.2542-2543, Original Sources. 20 Jan. 2019. www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=PVZ9XGXBTDCRGIL.

Harvard: Jackman, WJ, 'The Mighty Onslaught of the Germans' in History of the American Nation by William J. Jackman. cited in , William J. Jackman, Jacob H. Patton, and Rossiter Johnson. History of the American Nation, 9 Vols. (Chicago: K. Gaynor, 1911), Pp.2542-2543. Original Sources, retrieved 20 January 2019, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=PVZ9XGXBTDCRGIL.