Stendhal was the pen name of Marie-Henri Beyle (January 23, 1783-March 23, 1842), an early 19th-century French writer. He is considered one of the chief figures of realism due to his analysis of his characters' psychology. Stendhal is best known for Le Rouge et le Nior (The Red and the Black) and La Chartreuse de Parme (The Charterhouse of Parma), which showcase his style.