Lansa Fruit Co. v. Universal Ins. Co., 302 U.S. 556 (1938)

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Author: U.S. Supreme Court

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Lansa Fruit Co. v. Universal Ins. Co., 302 U.S. 556 (1938)

Please note: this case begins in mid-page. It therefore shares a citation with the last page of the previous case. If you are attempting to follow a link to the last page of 302 U.S. 540, click here.

Lansa Fruit Steamship & Importing Co. v. Universal Insurance Co.


No. 57


Argued December 10, 1937
Decided January 10, 1938
302 U.S. 556

CERTIORARI TO THE CIRCUIT COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT

Syllabus

1. In deciding this case concerning the liability of an insurer for loss of a cargo of fruit, both courts below assumed that the fruit was in sound condition when shipped, and would have been merchantable at the end of the voyage had it not been for the stranding of the ship and consequent delay. Held that this Court, in reviewing the question decided, will make the same assumptions. P. 559.

2. Application of a general coverage clause of a marine insurance policy held unaffected by a rider attached for an additional premium, after the policy had been long in effect but cancelled before the occurrence of the loss. P. 560.

The rider covered losses not embraced in the marine perils against which the policy insured, and it also covered losses which were already covered by the policy, and there was room for difference of opinion as to exactly how far the rider overlapped.

3. Stranding of the ship is a peril of the sea. P. 561.

4. The doctrine of proximate cause is applied strictly in marine insurance cases. P. 562.

5. A vessel carrying a cargo of bananas stranded en voyage. The stranding caused delay, with the result that the fruit, which was sound when shipped, and, but for the delay, would have been marketable upon arrival at destination, was spoiled by decay -- a total loss. Held that the stranding was the proximate cause of the loss, and that the loss was covered by insurance against perils of the sea. P. 562.

6. In marine insurance cases, the proximate cause of loss is the efficient cause, not necessarily that cause, in a chain or series, which was nearest in time to the event. P. 562.

89 F.2d 545 reversed.

Certiorari, post, p. 664, to review the affirmance of a judgment in favor of the respondent Insurance Company in an action on a policy of marine insurance. The case had been removed to the District Court from the Court of Common Pleas of Baltimore City.

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Chicago: U.S. Supreme Court, "Syllabus," Lansa Fruit Co. v. Universal Ins. Co., 302 U.S. 556 (1938) in 302 U.S. 556 302 U.S. 557. Original Sources, accessed July 18, 2019, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=1687BK4FHV1Y7SD.

MLA: U.S. Supreme Court. "Syllabus." Lansa Fruit Co. v. Universal Ins. Co., 302 U.S. 556 (1938), in 302 U.S. 556, page 302 U.S. 557. Original Sources. 18 Jul. 2019. www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=1687BK4FHV1Y7SD.

Harvard: U.S. Supreme Court, 'Syllabus' in Lansa Fruit Co. v. Universal Ins. Co., 302 U.S. 556 (1938). cited in 1938, 302 U.S. 556, pp.302 U.S. 557. Original Sources, retrieved 18 July 2019, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=1687BK4FHV1Y7SD.