U.S. Code, Title 44, Public Printing and Documents

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Author: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel"

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Title 44—Public Printing and Documents

This title was enacted by Pub. L. 90–620, § 1, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1238

Chap.     Sec.

1.     Joint Committee on Printing     101

3.     Government Printing Office     301

5.     Production and Procurement of Printing and Binding     501

7.     Congressional Printing and Binding     701

9.     Congressional Record     901

11.     Executive and Judiciary Printing and Binding     1101

13.     Particular Reports and Documents     1301

15.     Federal Register and Code of Federal Regulations     1501

17.     Distribution and Sale of Public Documents     1701

19.     Depository Library Program     1901

21.     National Archives and Records Administration     2101

22.     Presidential Records     2201

23.     National Archives Trust Fund Board     2301

25.     National Historical Publications and Records Commission     2501

27.     Advisory Committee on the Records of Congress     2701

29.     Records Management by the Archivist of the United States and by the Administrator of General Services     2901

31.     Records Management by Federal Agencies     3101

33.     Disposal of Records     3301

35.     Coordination of Federal Information Policy     3501

37.     Advertisements by Government Agencies     3701

39.     Government Printing Office: Office of Inspector General     3901

41.     Access to Federal Electronic Information     4101

Amendments

     1993—Pub. L. 103–40, § 2(b), June 8, 1993, 107 Stat. 113, added item 41.

     1990—Pub. L. 101–509, title IV, § 1(d)(2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1419, added item 27.

     1988—Pub. L. 100–504, title II, § 204, Oct. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 2531, added item 39.

     1984—Pub. L. 98–497, title I, §§ 102(c)(2), 107(b)(18)(B), Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2283, 2290, substituted "National Archives and Records Administration" for "Archival Administration" in item 21, and inserted "the Archivist of the United States and by the" in item 29.

     1980—Pub. L. 96–511, § 2(b), Dec. 11, 1980, 94 Stat. 2825, substituted "Information Policy" for "Reporting Services" in item 35.

     1978—Pub. L. 95–591, § 2(b)(1), Nov. 4, 1978, 92 Stat. 2528, added item 22.

     Pub. L. 95–378, § 2(b), Sept. 22, 1978, 92 Stat. 723, struck out item 27 "Federal Records Council".

     1974—Pub. L. 93–536, § 2, Dec. 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 1735, substituted "National Historical Publications and Records Commission" for "National Historical Publications Commission" in item 25.

Table Showing Disposition of All Sections of Former Title 44

Title 44 Former Sections

Title 44 New Sections

1     101

2     102

4     103

5     509

6     510

7     511

8     512

9     513

10     514

11     515

12     516

13     517

14     504

15, 16     Rep.

31     301

32     304

33–35     Rep.

36     508

37, 38     Rep.

39     302

39a     303

40     305

41     306

42     307

43–46     Rep.

47     316

48     Elim.

49     313

50, 51     Rep.

51a     Elim.

52     Elim.

52a     308

53     T. 18 § 442

54–57     Rep.

58     505

59     312

60     Rep.

61     315

62     314

63     309

63a     309

64     311

71     1702

72     1705

72a     1708

73     308, 1702

74     1703

75     1704

76     1710

77     1711

78     1720

79     1707

80     1713

81     1712

81a     1901

81b     1902

81c     1914

82     1905

83     1904

84     1910

84a     1912

85     1903, 1906

85a     1913

86     1909

87     1907

87a     Rep.

88     1908

89     Elim.

90     Rep.

91     1717

91a     1716

92     1119, 1911

93     1721

94     1709

95     1701

96     1722

111     501

111a     502

111b     503

111c     Elim.

112, 113     Rep.

114     1706

115     506, 507

116     501, 1123

117     1103

118     1104

119     1120

120     Elim.

121     1111

131     701

132     702

133     703

134     702

135     705

136     714

137     704

138     715

139     1718

139a     1719

140     716

141     718

142     719

143     738

144     717

145     Elim.

146     734

147     713

148     720

149     721

150     722

151     723

152     724

153     725

154     726

155     727

156     1326

157     730

158     731

159     732

160     735

161     736

162     733

163     908

164     Rep.

165     739

166     740

167     741

168     737

169     Elim.

170     1333

181     901

182     902

182a     903

182b     904

182c     905

183     906

184     Rep.

185     907

186     Rep.

187     909

188     910

189     706

189a     707

190     708

191     709

191a     710

192     711

193     712

194–196     Rep.

196a     728

197     729

211     1101

212 (1st sent.)     1115

212 (2d sent.)     1114

213 (1st par.)     1102

213 (2d par., 1st sent.)     1116

213 (2d par., 2d sent., 1st cl.)     1302

213 (2d par., 2d, 3d sents.)     1308–1310, 1336

213 (3d par.)     1116

213a     1117

214     1107

215     1110

215a     1714

216     1105

217     1715

218     1106

219     1102, 1113

219a     1118

220     1108

221     Rep.

222     1112

223     Rep.

224     1109

225     1121

226     Rep.

227     1122

228, 229     Elim.

230     310

241     1301

242     Rep.

243     1303

244     Rep.

245     1304

246     1307

247     Rep.

248     1306

249     1328

250     1317

251, 252     Rep.

253     1313

254     1314

255, 256     Rep.

257     Elim.

258     1315

259     1316

260     1318

261     1319

262     1320

263     1312

265     1321

266     1322

267     Elim.

268     Rep.

269     1323

270     1324

271     1325

272     1327

273     1329

274     Rep.

275     1331

275a     Rep.

275b     1332

276     Rep.

276a     1333

277     Rep.

278     1334

279     1335

279a     Rep.

280, 280a     Rep.

281, 282     Rep.

283     1337

283a     Rep.

284     1338

285     1339

286, 287     Rep.

288     1340

289     1341

290     1342

291     1343

292     Elim.

293, 294     Rep.

295     1344

296     Rep.

296a     1305

297     1311

298     1330

300–300f     Rep.

300f–1     Rep.

300g, 300h     Rep.

300h–1     Rep.

300i–300k     Rep.

300aa     Rep.

300bb     2301

300cc     2305

300dd     2306

300ee     2307

300ff     2303

300gg     2308

300hh     2302

300ii     2304

300jj     Rep.

301     1502

302     1503

303     1504

304     1501

305     1505

306     1506

307     1507

308     1508

309     1509

310, 310a     Rep.

311     1510

311a     Rep.

312     1511

313, 314     Rep.

321     3701

322     3703

323     Rep.

324     3702

325     3703

326     Rep.

351–365     Rep.

366     3301

367     3302

368     3303

369     3304

370     3305

371     3306

372     3307

373     3308

374     3309

375     3310

376     3311

377     Rep.

378     3312

379     3313

380     3314

391     1506, 2108, 2301, 2501, 2902

392     2903

393(a)     2501

393(b)     2502

393(c)     2503

393(d)     2504

393(e)     2505

393(f)     2504 nt.

393(g)     2506

393(h)     2507

394     2701

395(a)     2904

395(b)     2905

395(c)     2906

395(d)     2907

395(e)     2908

395(f)     2909

396(a)     3101

396(b)     3102

396(c)     3103

396(d)     3104

396(e)     3105

396(f)     3106

396(g)     3107

396a     2910

397(a)     2103

397(b)     2104

397(c)     2105

397(d)     2106

397(e)     2107

397(f)     2108

397(g)     Rep.

397(h)     2109

397(i)     2110

397(j)     2101

398     2111

399     2112

400     2113

401     2901

402     2114

421     3501

422(a)     3503

422(b)     3504

422(c)     3505

422(d)     3506

422(e)     3507

423     3508

424     3509

425     3510

426     3502

427     3511

Enacting Clause

     Section 1 of Pub. L. 90–620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1238, provided in part: "That the general and permanent laws relating to public printing and documents are revised, codified, and enacted as title 44, United States Code, `Public Printing and Documents’, and may be cited as `44 U.S.C. § XX’ ".

Legislative Purpose; Inconsistent Provisions

     Section 2(a) of Pub. L. 90–620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1305, provided that: "The legislative purpose in enacting section 1 of this Act is to restate, without substantive change, the laws replaced by those sections on the effective date of this Act. Laws effective after January 14, 1968, that are inconsistent with this Act are considered as superseding it to the extent of the inconsistency."

References to Other Laws

     Section 2(b) of Pub. L. 90–620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1305, provided that: "A reference to a law replaced by section 1 of this Act, including a reference in a regulation, order, or other law, is deemed to refer to the corresponding provision enacted by this Act."

Outstanding Orders, Rules, and Regulations

     Section 2(c) of Pub. L. 90–620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1305, provided that: "An order, rule, or regulation in effect under a law replaced by section 1 of this Act shall continue in effect under the corresponding provision enacted by this Act until repealed, amended, or superseded."

Savings Provision

     Section 2(d) of Pub. L. 90–620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1305, provided that: "An action taken or an offense committed under a law replaced by section 1 of this Act is deemed to have been taken or committed under the corresponding provision enacted by this Act."

Legislative Construction

     Section 2(e) of Pub. L. 90–620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1306, provided that: "An inference of a legislative construction is not to be drawn by reason of the location in the United States Code of a provision enacted by this Act or by reason of its caption or catchline."

Separability

     Section 2(f) of Pub. L. 90–620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1306, provided that: "If a provision enacted by this Act is held invalid, all valid provisions that are severable from the invalid provision remain in effect. If a provision of this Act is held invalid in one or more of its applications, the provision remains in effect in all valid applications that are severable from the invalid application or applications."

Repeals

     Section 3 of Pub. L. 90–620, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1306, repealed the sections or parts thereof of the Revised Statutes or Statutes at Large codified in this title, except with respect to rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun, before October 22, 1968, and except as provided by section 2 of Pub. L. 90–620.

Title Referred to in Other Sections

     This title is referred to in title 30 section 1809; title 40 section 474.

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Chicago: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel", "Title 44— Public Printing and Documents," U.S. Code, Title 44, Public Printing and Documents in U.S. Code, Title 44, Public Printing and Documents (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 2002), Original Sources, accessed June 24, 2024, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=17Z1KC7Y3DDXT35.

MLA: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel". "Title 44— Public Printing and Documents." U.S. Code, Title 44, Public Printing and Documents, in U.S. Code, Title 44, Public Printing and Documents, Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office, 2002, Original Sources. 24 Jun. 2024. http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=17Z1KC7Y3DDXT35.

Harvard: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel", 'Title 44— Public Printing and Documents' in U.S. Code, Title 44, Public Printing and Documents. cited in 2002, U.S. Code, Title 44, Public Printing and Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.. Original Sources, retrieved 24 June 2024, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=17Z1KC7Y3DDXT35.