A Dictionary of American History

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Author: Thomas L. Purvis  | Date: 1995

Gage, Thomas

Gage, Thomas (b. Firle, Sussex, England, ca. 1721; d. Portland, England, 2 April 1787) In 1740 Gage entered the Royal Army. In the Seven Years’ War, he was wounded at Braddock’s Defeat and Fort Ticonderoga (1758). He raised a royal regiment of American colonists (the 80th), married a N.J. girl in 1758, and was noted for his pro-American sympathies throughout his career. He directed operations in Pontiac’s War and was commander in chief of British forces in North America after 1763, with headquarters at New York City, before returning to England in 1773. He was reappointed commander in chief in America, and made Mass. governor in April 1774. He showed little vigor in suppressing rebellion after Lexington and Concord, was replaced by William Howe in October 1775, and saw no more action.

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Chicago: Thomas L. Purvis, "Gage, Thomas," A Dictionary of American History in A Dictionary of American History (Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell Reference, 1995), Original Sources, accessed August 14, 2022, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=3UJ5BXQ4NXT1C76.

MLA: Purvis, Thomas L. "Gage, Thomas." A Dictionary of American History, in A Dictionary of American History, Cambridge, Mass., Blackwell Reference, 1995, Original Sources. 14 Aug. 2022. http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=3UJ5BXQ4NXT1C76.

Harvard: Purvis, TL, 'Gage, Thomas' in A Dictionary of American History. cited in 1995, A Dictionary of American History, Blackwell Reference, Cambridge, Mass.. Original Sources, retrieved 14 August 2022, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=3UJ5BXQ4NXT1C76.