U.S. Code, Title 45, Railroads

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Author: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel"

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§ 231q. Crediting Service Under Social Security Act

     (1) Except as provided in subdivision (2), the term "employment" as defined in section 216 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 416] shall not include service performed by an individual as an employee as defined in section 231(b) of this title.

     (2) For the purpose of determining (i) monthly insurance benefits under the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 301 et seq.] to an employee who will have completed less than ten years of service and to others deriving from him or her during his or her life and (ii) monthly insurance benefits and lump-sum death benefits under such Act with respect to the death of an employee who (A) will have completed less than ten years of service or (B) will have completed ten or more years of service but will not have had a current connection with the railroad industry at the time of his death, and for the purposes of section 203 and section 216(i) of that Act [42 U.S.C. 403, 416(i)], section 210(a)(9) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 410(a)(9)] and subdivision (1) of this section shall not operate to exclude from "employment" under the Social Security Act service which would otherwise be included in such "employment" but for such sections. For such purpose, compensation paid in a calendar year shall, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, be presumed to have been paid in equal proportions with respect to all months in the year in which the employee will have been in service as an employee. In the application of the Social Security Act pursuant to this subdivision to service as an employee, all service as defined in section 231(d) of this title shall be deemed to have been performed within the United States.

(Aug. 29, 1935, ch. 812, § 18, as restated June 24, 1937, ch. 382, pt. I, 50 Stat. 307, as restated Pub. L. 93–445, title I, § 101, Oct. 16, 1974, 88 Stat. 1349; amended Pub. L. 97–35, title XI, § 1125, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 639.)

References in Text

     The Social Security Act, referred to in par. (2), is act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, 49 Stat. 620, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 7 (§ 301 et seq.) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1305 of Title 42 and Tables.

Amendments

     1981—Par. (2). Pub. L. 97–35 inserted "and section 216(i)" after "203".

Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

     Amendment by Pub. L. 97–35 effective Jan. 1, 1975, see section 1129(b)(2) of Pub. L. 97–35, set out as a note under section 231 of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

     This section is referred to in section 231f of this title; title 42 section 402.

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Chicago: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel", "§ 231q. Crediting Service Under Social Security Act," U.S. Code, Title 45, Railroads in U.S. Code, Title 45, Railroads (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 2002), Original Sources, accessed August 7, 2022, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=45TQTJSPDA3KJ8Y.

MLA: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel". "§ 231q. Crediting Service Under Social Security Act." U.S. Code, Title 45, Railroads, in U.S. Code, Title 45, Railroads, Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office, 2002, Original Sources. 7 Aug. 2022. http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=45TQTJSPDA3KJ8Y.

Harvard: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel", '§ 231q. Crediting Service Under Social Security Act' in U.S. Code, Title 45, Railroads. cited in 2002, U.S. Code, Title 45, Railroads, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.. Original Sources, retrieved 7 August 2022, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=45TQTJSPDA3KJ8Y.