A Dictionary of American History

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Author: Thomas L. Purvis  | Date: 1995

Illinois Indians

Illinois Indians The French originally called all Indians who traded furs with them in northern Ill. by this name. There may have been 10,500 Indians speaking Algonquian languages in Ill. in the 1660s, when contact was first made with French explorers. They welcomed French forts to carry on the fur trade, but were then attacked by the Iroquois Confederacy in the beaver wars during the period 1677–84. European epidemics and intertribal warfare steadily reduced the Illinois bands, until by 1768 observers of the Kaskaskias and Peorias and Mascoutens estimated just 1,100 warriors, indicating a total of about 5,000. These groups declined even further, leaving Ill. almost entirely vacant of Indians by 1810, and in the 1840s they agreed to accept a small reservation in Kans.

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Chicago: Thomas L. Purvis, "Illinois Indians," A Dictionary of American History in A Dictionary of American History (Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell Reference, 1995), Original Sources, accessed September 25, 2022, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=485PQ7MEKJG6RW6.

MLA: Purvis, Thomas L. "Illinois Indians." A Dictionary of American History, in A Dictionary of American History, Cambridge, Mass., Blackwell Reference, 1995, Original Sources. 25 Sep. 2022. http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=485PQ7MEKJG6RW6.

Harvard: Purvis, TL, 'Illinois Indians' in A Dictionary of American History. cited in 1995, A Dictionary of American History, Blackwell Reference, Cambridge, Mass.. Original Sources, retrieved 25 September 2022, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=485PQ7MEKJG6RW6.