Pioneers of the Old Southwest: A Chronicle of the Dark and Bloody Ground

Author: Constance Lindsay Skinner

Bibliographical Note

The Races And Their Migration

C. A. Hanna, "The Scotch-Irish," 2 vols. New York, 1902. A very full if somewhat over-enthusiastic study.

H. J. Ford, "The Scotch-Irish in America." Princeton, 1915. Excellent.

A. G. Spangenberg, Extracts from his Journal of travels in North Carolina, 1752. Publication of the Southern History Association. Vol. I, 1897.

A. B. Faust, "The German Element in the United States," 2 vols. (1909).

J. P. MacLean, "An Historical Account of the Settlements of Scotch Highlanders in America" (1900).

S. H. Cobb, "The Story of the Palatines" (1897).

N. D. Mereness (editor), "Travels in the American Colonies." New York, 1916. This collection contains the diary of the Moravian Brethren cited in the first chapter of the present volume.

Life In The Back Country

Joseph Doddridge, "Notes on the Settlements and Indian Wars of the Western Parts of Virginia and Pennsylvania," from 1763 to 1783. Albany, 1876. An intimate description of the daily life of the early settlers in the Back Country by one of themselves. J. F. D. Smyth, "Tour in the United States of America," 2 vols. London, 1784. Minute descriptions of the Back Country and interesting pictures of the life of the settlers; biased as to political views by Royalist sympathies.

William H. Foote, "Sketches of North Carolina," New York, 1846. See Foote also for history of the first Presbyterian ministers in the Back Country. As to political history, inaccurate.

Early History And Exploration

J. S. Bassett (editor), "The Writings of Colonel William Byrd of Westover." New York, 1901. A contemporary record of early Virginia.

Thomas Walker, "Journal of an Exploration in the Spring of the Year 1750." Boston, 1888. The record of his travels by the discoverer of Cumberland Gap.

William M. Darlington (editor), "Christopher Gist’s Journals." Pittsburgh, 1893. Contains Gist’s account of his surveys for the Ohio Company, 1750.

C. A. Hanna, "The Wilderness Trail," 2 vols. New York, 1911. An exhaustive work of research, with full accounts of Croghan and Findlay. See also Croghan’s and Johnson’s correspondence in vol. VII, New York Colonial Records.

James Adair, "The History of the American Indians," etc. London, 1775. The personal record of a trader who was one of the earliest explorers of the Alleghanies and of the Mississippi region east of the river; a many-sided work, intensely interesting.

C. W. Alvord, "The Genesis of the Proclamation of 1763." Reprinted from Canadian Archives Report, 1906. A new and authoritative interpretation. In this connection see also the correspondence between Sir William Johnson and the Lords of Trade in vol. VII of New York Colonial Records.

Justin Winsor, "The Mississippi Basin. The Struggle in America between England and France." Cambridge, 1895. Presents the results of exhaustive research and the coordination of facts by an historian of broad intellect and vision.

"Colonial and State Records of North Carolina. 30 vols. The chief fountain source of the early history of North Carolina and Tennessee.

W. H. Hoyt, "The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence." New York, 1907. This book presents the view generally adopted by historians, that the alleged Declaration of May 20, 1775, is spurious.

Justin Winsor (editor), "Narrative and Critical History of America." 8 vols. (1884-1889). Also "The Westward Movement. "Cambridge, 1897. Both works of incalculable value to the student.

C. W. Alvord, "The Mississippi. Valley in British Politics." 2 vols. Cleveland, 1917. A profound work of great value to students.


R. G. Thwaites and L. P. Kellogg (editors), "Documentary History of Dunmore’s War," 1774. Compiled from the Draper Manuscripts in the library of the Wisconsin Historical Society. Madison, 1905. A collection of interesting and valuable documents with a suggestive, introduction.

R. G. Thwaites, "Daniel Boone." New York, 1902. A short and accurate narrative of Boone’s life and adventures compiled from the Draper Manuscripts and from earlier printed biographies.

John P. Hale, "Daniel Boone, Some Facts and Incidents not Hitherto Published." A pamphlet giving an account of Boone in West Virginia. Printed at Wheeling, West Virginia. Undated.

Timothy Flint, "The First White Man of the West or the Life and Exploits of Colonel Dan’l Boone." Cincinnati, 1854. Valuable only as regards Boone’s later years.

John S. C. Abbott, "Daniel Boone, the Pioneer of Kentucky." New York, 1872. Fairly accurate throughout.

J. M. Peck, "Daniel Boone" (in Sparks, "Library of American Biography." Boston, 1847).

William Henry Bogart. "Daniel Boone and the Hunters of Kentucky." New York, 1856.

William Hayden English, "Conquest of the Country Northwest of the River Ohio, 1778-1783," and "Life of General George Rogers Clark," 2 vols. Indianapolis, 1896. An accurate and valuable work for which the author has made painstaking research among printed and unprinted documents. Contains Clark’s own account of his campaigns, letters he wrote on public and personal matters, and also letters from contemporaries in defense of his reputation.

Theodore Roosevelt, "The Winning of the West," 4 vols. New York, 1889-1896. A vigorous and spirited narrative.


J. G. M. Ramsey, "The Annals of Tennessee." Charleston, 1853. John Haywood, "The Civil and Political History of the State of Tennessee." Nashville, 1891.

(Reprint from 1828.) These works, with the North Carolina "Colonial Records," are the source books of early Tennessee. In statistics, such as numbers of Indians and other foes defeated by Tennessee heroes, not reliable. Incorrect as to causes of Indian wars during the Revolution. On this subject see letters and reports by John and Henry Stuart in North Carolina "Colonial Records," vol. X; and letters by General Gage and letters and proclamation by General Ethan Allen in American Archives, Fourth Series, vol. II, and by President Rutledge of South Carolina in North Carolina "Colonial Records," vol. X. See also Justin Winsor, "The Westward Movement."

J. Allison, "Dropped Stitches in Tennessee History." Nashville, 1897. Contains interesting matter relative to Andrew Jackson in his younger days as well as about other striking figures of the time.

F. M. Turner, "The Life of General John Sevier." New York, 1910. A fairly accurate narrative of events in which Sevier participated, compiled from the "Draper Manuscripts."

A. W. Putnam, "History of Middle Tennessee, or Life and Times of General James Robertson." Nashville, 1859. A rambling lengthy narrative containing some interesting material and much that is unreliable. Its worst fault is distortion through sentimentality, and indulgence in the habit of putting the author’s rodomontades into the mouths of Robertson and other characters.

J. S. Bassett, "Regulators of North Carolina," in Report of the American Historical Association, 1894.

L. C. Draper, "King’s Mountain and its Heroes." Cincinnati, 1881. The source book on this event. Contains interesting biographical material about the men engaged in the battle.

French And Spanish Intrigues

Henry Doniol, "Histoire de la participation de la France d l’etablissement des Etats-Unis d’Amerique," 5 vols. Paris, 1886-1892. A complete exposition of the French and Spanish policy towards America. during the Revolutionary Period.

Manuel Serrano y Sanz, "El brigadier Jaime Wilkinson y sus tratos con Espana para la independencia del Kentucky, anos 1787 a 1797." Madrid, 1915. A Spanish view of Wilkinson’s intrigues with Spain, based on letters and reports in the Spanish Archives.

Thomas Marshall Green, "The Spanish Conspiracy." Cincinnati, 1891. A good local account, from American sources. The best material on this subject is found in Justin Winsor’s "The Westward Movement and Narrative and Critical History" because there viewed against a broad historical background. See Winsor also for the Latin intrigues in Tennessee. For material on Alexander McGillivray see the American Archives and the Colonial Records of Georgia.

Edward S. Corwin, "French Policy and the American Alliance of 1778." Princeton, 1916. Deals chiefly with the commercial aspects of French policy and should be read in conjunction with Winsor, Jay, and Fitzmaurice’s "Life of William, Earl of Shelburne." 3 vols. London, 1875.

John Jay, "On the Peace Negotiations of 1782-83 as Illustrated by the Secret Correspondence of France and England." New York, 1888. A paper read before the American Historical Association, May 23, 1887.


Related Resources

None available for this document.

Download Options

Title: Pioneers of the Old Southwest: A Chronicle of the Dark and Bloody Ground

Select an option:

*Note: A download may not start for up to 60 seconds.

Email Options

Title: Pioneers of the Old Southwest: A Chronicle of the Dark and Bloody Ground

Select an option:

Email addres:

*Note: It may take up to 60 seconds for for the email to be generated.

Chicago: Constance Lindsay Skinner, "Bibliographical Note," Pioneers of the Old Southwest: A Chronicle of the Dark and Bloody Ground, ed. Conway, Moncure Daniel, 1832-1907 in Pioneers of the Old Southwest: A Chronicle of the Dark and Bloody Ground Original Sources, accessed February 26, 2024,

MLA: Skinner, Constance Lindsay. "Bibliographical Note." Pioneers of the Old Southwest: A Chronicle of the Dark and Bloody Ground, edited by Conway, Moncure Daniel, 1832-1907, in Pioneers of the Old Southwest: A Chronicle of the Dark and Bloody Ground, Original Sources. 26 Feb. 2024.

Harvard: Skinner, CL, 'Bibliographical Note' in Pioneers of the Old Southwest: A Chronicle of the Dark and Bloody Ground, ed. . cited in , Pioneers of the Old Southwest: A Chronicle of the Dark and Bloody Ground. Original Sources, retrieved 26 February 2024, from