American Dictionary of the English Language, Vol. 2

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Author: Noah Webster

Ray

RAY, n. [L. radius.]

1. a line of light, or the right line supposed to be described by a particle of light. a collection of parallel rays constitutes a beam; a collection of diverging or converging rays, a pencil.

The mixed solar beam contains, 1st. calorific rays, producing heat and expansion, but not vision and color; 2d. colorific rays, producing vision and color, but not heat nor expansion; 3d. chimical rays, producing certain effects on the composition of bodies, but neither heat, expansion, vision or color; 4th. a power producing magnetism, but whether a distinct or associated power, is not determined. It seems to be associated with the violet, more than with the other rays.

2. Figuratively, a beam of intellectual light.

3. Light; luster.

The air sharpen’d his visual ray.

4. In botany, the outer part or circumference of a compound radiate flower.

5. In ichthyology, a bony or cartilaginous ossicle in the fins of fishes, serving to support the membrane.

6. A plant, [lolium.]

7. Ray, for array. [Not in use.]

Pencil of rays, a number of rays of light issuing from a point and diverging.

RAY, n. A fish; a common name for the species of the genus Raia, including the skate, thornback, torpedo, stingray, c.

RAY, v.t

1. To streak; to mark with long lines.

2. To foul; to beray. [Not in use.]

3. To array. [Not in use.]

4. To shoot forth.

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Chicago: Noah Webster Jr., "Ray," American Dictionary of the English Language, Vol. 2 in An American Dictionary of the English Language, Vol. 2 (New York: S. Converse, 1828), Original Sources, accessed August 16, 2022, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=4WSIBC486FM73TN.

MLA: Webster, Noah, Jr. "Ray." American Dictionary of the English Language, Vol. 2, in An American Dictionary of the English Language, Vol. 2, New York, S. Converse, 1828, Original Sources. 16 Aug. 2022. http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=4WSIBC486FM73TN.

Harvard: Webster, N, 'Ray' in American Dictionary of the English Language, Vol. 2. cited in 1828, An American Dictionary of the English Language, Vol. 2, S. Converse, New York. Original Sources, retrieved 16 August 2022, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=4WSIBC486FM73TN.