Reno v. American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee, 525 U.S. 471 (1998)

Contents:
Author: U.S. Supreme Court

Show Summary

Reno v. American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee, 525 U.S. 471 (1998)

Reno v. American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee


No. 97-1252


Argued November 4, 1998
Decided February 24, 1999
[U.S. Reports citation not yet available]

CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT

Syllabus

Respondent resident aliens filed this suit, claiming that petitioners, the Attorney General, and other federal parties, targeted them for deportation because of their affiliation with a politically unpopular group, in violation of their First and Fifth Amendment rights. After the District Court preliminarily enjoined the proceedings against respondents, but while an appeal by the Attorney General was pending, Congress passed the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (IIRIRA), which, inter alia, repealed the old judicial review scheme in the Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1105a, and instituted a new provision, 8 U.S.C. § 1252(g), which restricts judicial review of the Attorney General’s "decision or action" to "commence proceedings, adjudicate cases, or execute removal orders against any alien under this Act" "[e]xcept as provided in this section." The Attorney General filed motions in both the District Court and the Ninth Circuit arguing that § 1252(g) deprived them of jurisdiction over respondents’ selective enforcement claim. The District Court denied the motion. The Ninth Circuit, consolidating an appeal from that denial with the pending appeal, upheld jurisdiction, and affirmed the District Court’s decision on the merits.

Held: Section 1252(g) deprives the federal courts of jurisdiction over respondents’ suit. Pp. 476-492.

(a) Although IIRIRA § 309(c)(1)’s general rule is that the revised procedures for removing aliens, including § 1252’s judicial review procedures, do not apply in exclusion or deportation proceedings pending on IIRIRA’s effective date, IIRIRA § 306(c)(1) directs that a single provision, § 1252(g), shall apply "without limitation to claims arising from all past, pending, or future exclusion, deportation, or removal proceedings." Section 1252(g) applies to three discrete actions that the Attorney General may take: her "decision or action" to "commence proceedings, adjudicate cases, or execute removal orders." (Emphasis added.) The provision seems designed to give some measure of protection to such discretionary determinations, providing that, if they are reviewable at all, they at least will not be made the bases for separate rounds of judicial intervention outside the streamlined process designed by Congress. Respondents’ challenge to the Attorney General’s decision to "commence proceedings" against them falls squarely within § 1252(g), and § 1252 does not otherwise provide jurisdiction. Pp. 476-487.

(b) The doctrine of constitutional doubt does not require that § 1252(g) be interpreted in such fashion as to permit immediate review of respondents’ selective enforcement claims. An alien unlawfully in this country has no constitutional right to assert such a claim as a defense against his deportation. Pp. 487-492.

119 F.3d 1367, vacated and remanded.

SCALIA, J., delivered the opinion of the Court, in which REHNQUIST, C. J., and O’CONNOR, KENNEDY, and THOMAS, JJ., joined, and in Parts I and II of which GINSBURG and BREYER, JJ., joined. GINSBURG, J., filed an opinion concurring in part and concurring in the judgment, in which BREYER, J., joined as to Part I, post, p. 492. STEVENS, J., filed an opinion concurring in the judgment, post, p. 498. SOUTER, J., filed a dissenting opinion, post, p. 501.

Contents:

Related Resources

None available for this document.

Download Options


Title: Reno v. American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee, 525 U.S. 471 (1998)

Select an option:

*Note: A download may not start for up to 60 seconds.

Email Options


Title: Reno v. American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee, 525 U.S. 471 (1998)

Select an option:

Email addres:

*Note: It may take up to 60 seconds for for the email to be generated.

Chicago: U.S. Supreme Court, "Syllabus," Reno v. American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee, 525 U.S. 471 (1998) in 525 U.S. 471 525 U.S. 472. Original Sources, accessed August 7, 2022, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=4YGSYNRQ6KFUPQY.

MLA: U.S. Supreme Court. "Syllabus." Reno v. American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee, 525 U.S. 471 (1998), in 525 U.S. 471, page 525 U.S. 472. Original Sources. 7 Aug. 2022. http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=4YGSYNRQ6KFUPQY.

Harvard: U.S. Supreme Court, 'Syllabus' in Reno v. American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee, 525 U.S. 471 (1998). cited in 1998, 525 U.S. 471, pp.525 U.S. 472. Original Sources, retrieved 7 August 2022, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=4YGSYNRQ6KFUPQY.