United States. Executive Office of the President, Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, Week Ending Friday, December 20, 2002 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002), 38:2182

Author: George W. Bush  | Date: December 20, 2002

Message on the Observance of Kwanzaa,
December 20, 2002

I send greetings to those celebrating Kwanzaa.

Kwanzaa celebrates the traditional African values of unity, self-determination, collective work and responsibility, cooperative economics, purpose, creativity, and faith. From December 26th to January 1st, people of African descent gather to renew their commitment to these seven principles, known as Nguzo Saba, and give thanks for the blessings of family, community, and culture. Kwanzaa is also a time for Africans and African-Americans to honor their common heritage by participating in events based on early harvest gatherings called matunda ya kwanza, or first fruits.

As individuals and families join together during Kwanzaa, their joy enriches communities in the United States and across the globe. By uniting people of diverse backgrounds and beliefs, this holiday promotes mutual understanding and respect. These universal principles inspire us as we work together for a future of freedom, hope, and opportunity for all.

Laura joins me in sending our best wishes for a memorable Kwanzaa, and for peace, happiness, and success in the coming year.

George W. Bush

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Chicago: George W. Bush, United States. Executive Office of the President, Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, Week Ending Friday, December 20, 2002 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002), 38:2182 in United States. Executive Office of the President, Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, Week Ending Friday, December 20, 2002 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002), 38:2182 Original Sources, accessed December 5, 2022, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=56C8XNSXFVRX2TQ.

MLA: Bush, George W. United States. Executive Office of the President, Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, Week Ending Friday, December 20, 2002 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002), 38:2182, in United States. Executive Office of the President, Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, Week Ending Friday, December 20, 2002 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002), 38:2182, Original Sources. 5 Dec. 2022. http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=56C8XNSXFVRX2TQ.

Harvard: Bush, GW, United States. Executive Office of the President, Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, Week Ending Friday, December 20, 2002 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002), 38:2182. cited in , United States. Executive Office of the President, Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, Week Ending Friday, December 20, 2002 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002), 38:2182. Original Sources, retrieved 5 December 2022, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=56C8XNSXFVRX2TQ.