Heimskringla, the Chronicle of the Kings of Norway

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Author: Snorri Sturluson

236. Of the King’s and the Bondes’ Armies.

Thereafter the bondes’ army advanced to Stiklestad, where King Olaf was already with his people. Kalf and Harek went in front, at the head of the army under their banners. But the battle did not begin immediately on their meeting; for the bondes delayed the assault, because all their men were not come upon the plain, and they waited for those who came after them. Thorer Hund had come up with his troop the last, for he had to take care that the men did not go off behind when the battlecry was raised, or the armies were closing with each other; and therefore Kalf and Harek waited for Thorer. For the encouragement of their men in the battle the bondes had the field-cry — "Forward, forward, bondemen!" King Olaf also made no attack, for he waited for Dag and the people who followed him. At last the king saw Dag and his men approaching. It is said that the army of the bondes was not less on this day than a hundred times a hundred men. Sigvat the skald speaks thus of the numbers: —

"I grieve to think the king had brought
Too small a force for what he sought:
He held his gold too fast to bring
The numbers that could make him king.
The foemen, more than two to one,
The victory by numbers won;
And this alone, as I’ve heard say,
Against King Olaf turned the day."

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Chicago: Snorri Sturluson, "236. Of the King’s and the Bondes’ Armies.," Heimskringla, the Chronicle of the Kings of Norway, ed. CM01B10.Txt - 149 Kb, CM01B10.Zip - 56 Kb and trans. Stanley Young in Heimskringla, the Chronicle of the Kings of Norway (New York: The Modern Library Publishers, 1918), Original Sources, accessed February 6, 2023, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=84QUTKETAUJIJBU.

MLA: Sturluson, Snorri. "236. Of the King’s and the Bondes’ Armies." Heimskringla, the Chronicle of the Kings of Norway, edited by CM01B10.Txt - 149 Kb, CM01B10.Zip - 56 Kb, and translated by Stanley Young, in Heimskringla, the Chronicle of the Kings of Norway, New York, The Modern Library Publishers, 1918, Original Sources. 6 Feb. 2023. http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=84QUTKETAUJIJBU.

Harvard: Sturluson, S, '236. Of the King’s and the Bondes’ Armies.' in Heimskringla, the Chronicle of the Kings of Norway, ed. and trans. . cited in 1918, Heimskringla, the Chronicle of the Kings of Norway, The Modern Library Publishers, New York. Original Sources, retrieved 6 February 2023, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=84QUTKETAUJIJBU.