U.S. Code, Title 12, Banks and Banking

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Author: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel"

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§ 2261. Cease and Desist Proceedings

     (a) If, in the opinion of the Farm Credit Administration, any institution in the Farm Credit System, or any director, officer, employee, agent, or other person participating in the conduct of the affairs of such an institution is engaging or has engaged, or the Farm Credit Administration has reasonable cause to believe that the institution or any director, officer, employee, agent, or other person participating in the conduct of the affairs of such institution is about to engage, in an unsafe or unsound practice in conducting the business of such institution, or is violating or has violated, or the Farm Credit Administration has reasonable cause to believe that the institution or any director, officer, employee, agent, or other person participating in the conduct of the affairs of such institution is about to violate, a law, rule, or regulation, or any condition imposed in writing by the Farm Credit Administration in connection with the granting of any application or other request by the institution or any written agreement entered into with the Farm Credit Administration, the Farm Credit Administration may issue and serve upon the institution or such director, officer, employee, agent, or other person a notice of charges in respect thereof. The notice shall contain a statement of the facts constituting the alleged violation or violations or the unsafe or unsound practice or practices, and shall fix a time and place at which a hearing will be held to determine whether an order to cease and desist therefrom should issue against the institution or the director, officer, employee, agent, or other person participating in the conduct of the affairs of such institution. Such hearing shall be fixed for a date not earlier than thirty days nor later than sixty days after service of such notice unless an earlier or a later date is set by the Farm Credit Administration at the request of any party so served. Unless the party or parties so served shall appear at the hearing personally or by a duly authorized representative, they shall be deemed to have consented to the issuance of the cease and desist order. In the event of such consent, or if upon the record made at any such hearing, the Farm Credit Administration shall find that any violation or unsafe or unsound practice specified in the notice of charges has been established, the Farm Credit Administration may issue and serve upon the institution or the director, officer, employee, agent, or other person participating in the conduct of the affairs of such institution an order to cease and desist from any such violation or practice. Such order may, by provisions that may be mandatory or otherwise, require the institution or its directors, officers, employees, agents, and other persons participating in the conduct of the affairs of such institution to cease and desist from the same, and, further, to take affirmative action to correct the conditions resulting from any such violation or practice.

     (b) A cease and desist order shall become effective at the expiration of thirty days after the service of such order upon the institution or other person concerned (except in the case of a cease and desist order issued upon consent, which shall become effective at the time specified therein), and shall remain effective and enforceable as provided therein except to such extent as it is stayed, modified, terminated, or set aside by action of the Farm Credit Administration or a reviewing court.

(Pub. L. 92–181, title V, § 5.25, as added Pub. L. 99–205, title II, § 204, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1694.)

Prior Provisions

     A prior section 5.25 of Pub. L. 92–181 was renumbered section 5.24 and is classified to section 2259 of this title.

Effective Date

     Section effective thirty days after Dec. 23, 1985, see section 401 of Pub. L. 99–205, set out as an Effective Date of 1985 Amendment note under section 2001 of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

     This section is referred to in sections 2262, 2267, 2268 of this title.

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Chicago: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel", "§ 2261. Cease and Desist Proceedings," U.S. Code, Title 12, Banks and Banking in U.S. Code, Title 12, Banks and Banking (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 2002), Original Sources, accessed February 9, 2023, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=8FVIALFN6DE3VTQ.

MLA: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel". "§ 2261. Cease and Desist Proceedings." U.S. Code, Title 12, Banks and Banking, in U.S. Code, Title 12, Banks and Banking, Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office, 2002, Original Sources. 9 Feb. 2023. http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=8FVIALFN6DE3VTQ.

Harvard: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel", '§ 2261. Cease and Desist Proceedings' in U.S. Code, Title 12, Banks and Banking. cited in 2002, U.S. Code, Title 12, Banks and Banking, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.. Original Sources, retrieved 9 February 2023, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=8FVIALFN6DE3VTQ.