U.S. Code, Title 39, Postal Service

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Author: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel"

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Title 39—Postal Service

This title was enacted by Pub. L. 86–682, § 1, Sept. 2, 1960, 74 Stat. 578, and was revised and reenacted by Pub. L. 91–375, § 2, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 719

Part     Sec.

I.     General     101

II.     Personnel     1001

III.     Modernization and Fiscal Administration     2001

IV.     Mail Matter     3001

V.     Transportation of Mail     5001

Table I

This Table lists the sections of former Title 39, The Postal Service, and indicates the sections of Title 39, as enacted in 1960, which covered similar and related subject matter.

Title 39 Former Sections

Title 39 1960 Revision Sections

1–3      701

4, 5      707

6      710

7      709

8      1, 510

9      509

10, 11      2102

11a      Rep.

12      2102

13      Rep.

14      2102

31      3311

31a      3311, 3314

31b      3311, 3312

31c      Rep.

31d      3313

32      3312

33      Rep.

34      502

35      Rep.

36      502

37      2405

38      2209, 3315

39      3315

39a      3315, 3317

40      2406

41      Rep.

42, 43      2208

44      2404

45      2208–2210

46, 47      2209

48      Rep.

49, 49a      2403

50, 51      Rep.

52      2008, 6420

53–54a, 55      Rep.

56, 56a      711

57–57c      Rep.

57d      711

58–60a, 61–68      Rep.

69, 70      704

81      Rep.

82      703

83–103a      Rep.

103b      3334

104–108      Rep.

109      3555

110–112d, 113–120      Rep.

121      3555

122      Rep.

123      3556

124–127      Rep.

128      3332

129–131      Rep.

132      502

133      Rep.

133a      3336

134–136      Rep.

136a      3335

137–139a, 140      Rep.

141–145      712

151      6106

152      6001

153, 153a      6002

153b      Rep.

154      3116

155, 156      6003

157      502

158      705, 6004

159–160a      705

161      705, 2011

162      6002, 6005

163      Rep.

164      2004

165      2501, 6006

166      Rep.

167      2009, 6006, 6007

168      Rep.

169, 169a      6007

170      Rep.

171      501

172      Rep.

173, 174      3115

175, 176      Rep.

191      6005

192      Rep.

192a      3339

193      Rep.

194, 195      3113

196      3114

197, 197a, 198      Rep.

199      3543

200–207a, 208–211      Rep.

212      6009

213–215      3337

216–219      3338

221      4251, 4451, 4551

221a      4251, 4451

222      4251

223      4252

224      4351

225      4058, 4365

226      4354

226a      4352, 4357

226b      Rep.

227      4353

228      4366

229      4355

230      4356

231      4368; T. 18 § 1733

232      4352

233      4369

234      4367; T. 18 § 1734

235      4451, 4555

236–238      4451

239      4060

240      4002, 4551, 4555

240a, 240b      4552

241      Rep.

242      2001

243      4001, 4002, 4058

244      5006, 5007

245, 245a      Rep.

245a–1      5006

245a–2      5010

245b      Rep.

245b–1      5007

245c      5009

245d      Rep.

245d–1      5007

246 to 246a–1      Rep.

246b      507

246c      5007, 5008

246c–1      5008

246d, 246e      Rep.

246f      507

247      Elim.

248      4059

249      4365, 4453, 4555

250      4058, 4251

251      4058

252, 253      Rep.

254      6438

255      4003

256      4001, 4057

257      4004

258      4001, 4003

259      4005, 4057

259a      4006

259b, 259c      4007

260      Rep.

260a      507, 5012

261      4105

270      2301

270a      2302

270b      2303

270c      2304

270d      2305

270e      2306

271      4051, 4052

272      Rep.

272a      4109, 4110

273      4052, 4053

273a      4052

274      Rep.

275      2501, 2505

276      Rep.

276a      2501

276b, 276c      Rep.

276d      6006

277, 278      Rep.

278a      4101, 4102, 4103, 4105

278b      4106

279      708

280      4054, 4251, 4253

281      Rep.

282      4052

283      4358, 4359, 4363, 4364

284      4361

285      4052

286      4358

287–289      Rep.

289a      2302, 4352, 4358, 4359, 4360, 4362, 4452

290      4652

290a      4052, 4452

290a–1      4052, 4451, 4452

291      Rep.

291a      4052

291b      4421, 4422

292      4553

292a      4052, 4554, 6008

293–293b      Rep.

293c      4653

294, 294a      Rep.

295      4052, 4364

296–299      Rep.

300      4055

301, 302      Rep.

302a      4651

303      4253, 4254, 4303

321      4152, 4153

321–1      4152

321a      5003

321b–321h      Rep.

321i      2302, 4155, 4156

321j      4157

321k      4158

321l      4152, 4158, 4159

321m      4160

321n      4154

321o      2302, 4166

321p      2302, 4156, 5004

321q      2302, 4156

321r      4156, 4165, 4167

322      Rep.

323      4152

324      Rep.

325      4163

325a      Elim.

326      4162

327      4161

328      Rep.

329      4164

330      4152

331      4451, 4653, 4654

332–334      Rep.

335      4165

336      4167

337      Rep.

338      4152

351      2501

352      2004

353      Rep.

354      2503, 2510

355      2004

355a      2204

356      2503, 4251

357      2503

358      2502

358a      4251

359      Rep.

360      2504

361      Rep.

362      2503

363, 364      Rep.

365      2507

366      Rep.

367      2507

368      2508

368a      2508, 2509

369      Rep.

370      2507

371      2506

381      5001

381a      5005, 5011

382, 383      Rep.

383a      2204

384      Rep.

384a      5001

385      5002

386      Rep.

387      5001, 5005

338      Rep.

388a      5010

401–405      Rep.

406      4101, 4108

407      Rep.

408      4107, 4108

409      4103

410      4102

411      4105

421, 422      Rep.

422a      6412

422b      6413

423      Rep.

423a, 423b      6427

423c      6428

424      6402, 6405

425      6402, 6417

425a      6401, 6420

426      6402, 6418, 6419

427      6419

428      6417

429      6402, 6411

430      6402

431      Rep.

432      6421

433      6402, 6437

434      6401, 6402, 6407, 6414, 6415, 6416, 6422, 6423, 6424, 6425

435      6402, 6426

436      6402, 6405

437      6413

438      Rep.

439      6439

440      6424

441      Rep.

442      6424

443      6434

444, 445      6429

446      6430

447      6431, 6436

448      6432

449      6405, 6408

450      6410

451      6402

461      Rep.

462      4301, 4302

462a      4301, 4304

463      Rep.

463a      4303

464      Rep.

465      6301

465a–465f, 466–468      Rep.

469      4301

469a–469s      Rep.

470      6303

471, 472      Rep.

473, 474      6402

475      4301, 4302, 4303, 4305, 6301

476      2102

481      6101, 6105

482      6101, 6106, 6402

483      6101, 6106

484, 485      6101

486      6101, 6402

487      6101

487a      6408

488      4304, 6102

488a      4304, 6302

488b      6302

489      6440

490, 491      Rep.

492      6166

493      6402

494      902

495      4056

496      902

497      905

498      904

499      906

500      901

501      6107

502–506      Rep.

507      6433

508      Rep.

521      Rep.

522      4159

523      6203

524      Rep.

525      6203

526–528      Rep.

529      6203

530–536      Rep.

537, 538      6204

539      6203, 6207

540      6202

541      6203

541–1      Rep.

541a      6202, 6214

542, 543      6208

544–547      6209

548      Elim.

549      6208

550      Rep.

551      6209

552      Rep.

553      6209

554      Elim.

555      6210

556      6206

557      Elim.

558      6210

559      6211

560, 561      6203

562      6214

563      6207

564      6205

565      6215

566      6206

567, 568      6207

569      Rep.

570      6207, 6208

571      6215

572      Rep.

573      6203

574, 575      Rep.

576      6212

577      2102

578      6401, 6403, 6423

579      6403

601, 601a, 602, 602a, 603–607a, 608–618a, 619–623      Rep.

624      3333

625      3556

626      Rep.

627      3555

628, 629      Rep.

630      3582

631      3111

632, 632a      3333

633–637      Rep.

638      3116

639      4370

640      Rep.

651      6101, 6402

652      6101, 6402

653      6101

654      6101, 6409

655      6304, 6435

656      6106, 6406

657–666      Rep.

667      6403, 6404

668      Rep.

669      6103

670, 671      Rep.

672      706

673, 674      Rep.

691–693a, 694, 695      Rep.

696      502

697–699      Rep.

700      903

701      3555

702      Rep.

703      3556

704      3112

711      5101, 5102

712      506

713      2209, 5102, 5103

714      2209, 3316

715      2005

716      Rep.

716a      5102

717–719      Rep.

720      5102

721, 722      Rep.

723      5103, 5104

724      5102

725, 726      Rep.

727      5103

727a      2204

728      5103

728a      2202, 5103

729      5103

730, 731      Rep.

732      4005, 4057

733–738      Rep.

738a      5105

739      Rep.

751      5203, 5204, 5205

752      Rep.

753      5206

754      5210

755      5207, 5208

756      5211, 5213

756a      5223

757      5213

758      5213, 5217, 5219, 5220

759      5203, 5214, 5215, 5216, 5217, 5218, 5219, 5221

760, 761      Rep.

762      5212

763–765      Rep.

766      5201

767      5222

768      5206, 5208

769      5203

770      5209

771      5224

781      Rep.

782      1

783      1, 2209

784      1

785      708

786      2201

787, 788      Rep.

789      2408

790      2410

791      1, 2407

792, 793      Rep.

794      2207, 2208, 2401, 2402

794a      2202

794b      2211

794c      2206

794d      2302

794e      Rep.

794f      509, 2101, 2102

794g      Rep.

795      2212

801      Rep.

802      2006

803, 804      2004

805      508

806–808      Rep.

809      2004

809a–811      Rep.

812      3104

813–819      Rep.

820      3331

821–823a, 824–824e, 825      Rep.

826      2331

827, 828      Rep.

829      2007

829a, 829b      2203

830      6305

831–833      Rep.

834      3302

835, 836      Rep.

837      See T. 28 § 2710

838      See T. 28 § 2711

839      See T. 28 § 2712

840      See T. 28 § 2713

841      See T. 28 § 2714

842      See T. 28 § 2715

843      See T. 28 § 2716

844      See T. 28 § 2717

845      Rep.

846      See T. 28 § 2718

847, 847a      504

848, 848a      Rep.

848b      2202

851–856b, 857–861b, 862–862c      Rep.

862d      3557

863–867a, 868–876c, 877–878b, 879–890      Rep.

901      2115

902      2104–2108, 2110

903      2103

904      2110

905      2113

906      2111

907      2111, 2112, 2114

908      2109

909      2116

951      1, 3101

952      Rep.

961      3301, 3501

962      3502

963      3333, 3511–3531, 3582

964      3335

965      Rep.

971      3333, 3542

972      3543

973      702, 3544

974      3541

975      Rep.

981      3333, 3552, 3556, 3557

982      3553

983      Rep.

984      3558

991      3551

992      3559

993      3554

994      3555

995      Rep.

1001      3333, 3541

1002      3571

1003      3573

1004      3574

1005      3575

1006      3302, 3572

1007      3101, 3333, 3581

1007a      3576

1008      2008, 3542

1009      3543

1010      3544

1021      Rep.

1031      702

1032      3105

1033–1038      Rep.

1051      6351

1052      6352

1053      6106, 6352

1054      6353

1055      6354

1056      6355

1071      2231

1072      2232

1073      2233

1074      2234

1075      2332

Table II

This Table lists the sections of former Title 39, The Postal Service, and indicates the sections of Title 39, Postal Service, as revised in 1970, which cover similar and related subject matter.

Title 39 1960 Revision Sections

Title 39 New Sections

1      See 102, 2001

2      See 403

301      See 201

302      See 203

303      See 207

304      See 203

305      See 204

306      See 206

307      See 204

308      Rep.

308a      See 204

309      See 402

501      See 202, 401, 403, 404

502      Elim.

503      See 2002

504      See 403

505      See 407

506      See 408

507      See 404, 3622

508      See 401

509      See 404

510      See 401

701      See 403, 404

702      See 403

703, 704      Elim.

705      See 404, 406

706      Elim.

707–710      See 404

711      Rep.

712      See 406, 2601

901      601

902      602

903      603

904      604

905      605

906      606

2001–2006      See 401

2007–2009      See 404

2010      2201

2011      See 404

2101, 2102      See 401

2103      See 401, 2002

2104–2106      See 401

2107      Elim.

2108      See 401

2109      Elim.

2110–2112      See 401

2113      See 2002

2114      See 401, 410

2115      See 401, 2002

2116      See 2402

2201      See 2002, 2004, 2401

2202      See 2003

2203      See 2401

2204      See 2603

2205      Elim.

2206      See 2008

2207, 2208      See 401, 2008

2209      See 1001

2210      See 2601

2211      See 401, 2008

2212      See 2601

2231–2234      See 2003, 2010

2301      See 101

2302      See 101, 403, 3621–3623, 3641, 3661

2303      See 2009, 3401, 3403, 3621–3623, 3627, 3641, 3661

2304      See 2402, 3601, 3621–3628, 3641, 3661

2305      Elim.

2306      See 1005, 3621

2331      See 2402

2332      Rep.

2401      See 2601

2402      2602

2403, 2404      See 2601

2405, 2406      Elim.

2407      See 404

2408      2605

2409      See 2603

2410      2604

2411, 2501–2505      See 404

2506      405

2507–2510      See 404

3101      Elim.

3103      1011

3104      1009

3105      See 1001, 1006

3106      See 1003

3107      Elim.

3108      See 1001

3111      Elim.

3112      See 1010

3113, 3114      See 1001

3115      See 1008

3116, 3301–3303, 3311, 3312      See 1001

3313, 3314      Elim.

3315      See 1001

3316, 3317      Elim.

3331      See 1001

3332      Elim.

3333      See 1001, 1006

3334      See 1005

3335      See 1001

3336      Elim.

3337      See 1007

3338, 3339      Elim.

3501      See 1003

3502, 3511–3531, 3541–3544      Elim.

3551      See 1001

3552–3557      Elim.

3558      Rep.

3559, 3560      Elim.

3571      See 1001

3572–3577, 3581, 3582      Elim.

4001, 4002      See 3001

4003      3003

4004      3004

4005      3005

4006      3006

4007      3007

4008      Elim.

4009      3008

4010      3002

4051, 4052      See 404

4053, 4054      Elim.

4055      See 3681

4056      Elim.

4057      See 404, 3623

4058–4060      Elim.

4101–4103      See 404

4104      See 407

4105      See 404

4106      Elim.

4107      See 404

4108      Elim.

4109      See 404

4110      Elim.

4151      3201

4152      3202

4153      3203

4154      3204

4155      3205

4156      3206

4157      Rep.

4158      See 3207

4159      3208

4160      3209

4161      See 3210

4162      See 3211

4163      3212

4164      3213

4165      3214

4166      3215

4167      See 3216

4168      3217

4169      See 3401

4170      See 3402

4171      3218

4251      See 3623

4252      See 3682

4253, 4254, 4301, 4302      Elim.

4303      See 3401

4304      Elim.

4305      See 3682

4351–4357      Elim.

4358      See 3626, 3627

4359      See 3626, 3627

4360, 4361      Rep.

4362–4368      Elim.

4369      See 3685

4370      Elim.

4421      See 3626, 3627

4422      See 3626, 3627

4451      Elim.

4452      See 3626, 3627

4453, 4551      Elim.

4552      See 3682

4553      Elim.

4554      See 3626, 3627, 3682, 3683

4555–4559      Elim.

4560      See 3401

4651      Elim.

4652      Rep.

4653      See 3403

4654      3404

4655      3405

5001–5013, 5101–5105, 5201–5229      Elim.

6001, 6002      See 404

6003, 6004      Elim.

6005      See 101

6006–6009      Elim.

6101      See 5001

6102      Elim.

6103      See 5002

6104      See 5005

6105      5003

6106      See 5004

6107      See 101

6201      See 5201

6202      See 5202, 5210

6203      See 5007, 5203

6204      See 5203, 5204

6205      See 5204

6206      See 5205

6207      See 5206

6208      See 5207

6209      See 5208

6210      See 5209

6211      Elim.

6212      See 3662

6213      See 5210

6214      See 5211

6215      See 5212

6216      See 5213

6301      See 5401

6302, 6303      See 5402

6304      See 5403

6305, 6351–6355      Elim.

6401      See 5201

6402      See 5005, 5215

6402a      See 5214

6403      See 5005

6404      5601

6405      See 5605

6406      5602

6407      See 5005

6408      See 5605

6409      Elim.

6410      5603

6411, 6412      See 5005

6413      See 5005, 5605

6414, 6415      Elim.

6416      See 5005

6417–6421      Elim.

6422, 6423      See 5005

6424–6431      Elim.

6432      5006

6433      See 5007

6434      Elim.

6435      5604

6436–6440      Elim.

Table III

This Table lists the sections of Title 39, Postal Service, as revised in 1970, and indicates the sections of former Title 39, The Postal Service, which covered similar and related subject matter.

Title 39 New Sections

Title 39 Former Sections

101      2301, 2302, 6005, 6107

102      1

201      301

202      501

203      302, 304

204      305, 307, 308a

205      

206      306

207      303

208      

401      501, 508, 510, 2001–2006, 2101–2106, 2108, 2110–2112, 2114, 2115, 2207, 2208, 2211

402      309

403      2, 501, 504, 701, 702, 2302

404      501, 507, 509, 701, 705, 707–710, 2007–2009, 2011, 2407, 2411, 2501–2505, 2507–2510, 4051, 4052, 4057, 4101–4103, 4105, 4107, 4109, 6001, 6002

405      2506

406      705, 712

407      505, 4104

408      506

409      

410      2114

411, 412      

601      901

602      902

603      903

604      904

605      905

606      906

1001      2209, 3105, 3108, 3113, 3114, 3116, 3301–3303, 3311, 3312, 3315, 3331, 3333, 3335, 3551, 3571

1002      

1003      3106, 3501

1004      

1005      2306, 3334

1006      3105, 3333

1007      3337

1008      3115

1009      3104

1010      3112

1011      3103

1201–1209      

2001      1

2002      503, 2103, 2113, 2115, 2201

2003      2202, 2231–2234

2004      2201

2005–2007      

2008      2206–2208, 2211

2009      2303

2010      2231–2234

2201      2010

2401      2201, 2203

2402      2116, 2304, 2331

2601      712, 2210, 2212, 2401, 2403, 2404

2602      2402

2603      2204, 2409

2604      2410

2605      2408

3001      4001, 4002

3002      4010

3003      4003

3004      4004

3005      4005

3006      4006

3007      4007

3008      4009

3009–3011      

3201      4151

3202      4152

3203      4153

3204      4154

3205      4155

3206      4156

3207      4158

3208      4159

3209      4160

3210      4161

3211      4162

3212      4163

3213      4164

3214      4165

3215      4166

3216      4167

3217      4168

3218      4171

3401      2303, 4169, 4303, 4560

3402      4170

3403      2303, 4653

3404      4654

3405      4655

3601      2304

3602–3604      

3621      2302–2304, 2306

3622      507, 2302–2304

3623      2302–2304, 4057, 4251

3624      2304

3625      2304

3626      2304, 4358, 4359, 4421, 4422, 4452, 4554

3627      2303, 2304, 4358, 4359, 4421, 4422, 4452, 4554

3628      2304

3641      2302–2304

3661      2302–2304

3662      6212

3681      4055

3682      4252, 4305, 4552, 4554

3683      4554

3684      

3685      4369

5001      6101

5002      6103

5003      6105

5004      6106

5005      6104, 6402, 6403, 6407, 6411–6413, 6416, 6422, 6423

5006      6432

5007      6203, 6433

5201      6201, 6401

5202      6202

5203      6203, 6204

5204      6204, 6205

5205      6206

5206      6207

5207      6208

5208      6209

5209      6210

5210      6202, 6213

5211      6214

5212      6215

5213      6216

5214      6402a

5215      6402

5401      6301

5402      6302, 6303

5403      6304

5601      6404

5602      6406

5603      6410

5604      6435

5605      6405, 6408, 6413

Positive Law

     This title was enacted into law by Pub. L. 91–375, § 2, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 719, which provided that: "Title 39, United States Code, is revised and reenacted, and the sections thereof may be cited as 39 U.S.C. § X".

Effective Dates

     Pub. L. 91–375, § 15, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 787, provided that:

     "(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, this section and sections 9 through 13 of this Act [set out as notes below and under sections 1001, 1003, 1201, and 2004 of this title], and sections 202, 203, 205(b) and (c), 206, and 401(2), and subchapter I of chapter 36 of title 39, United States Code [sections 3601 to 3604 of this title], as enacted by section 2 of this Act, shall become effective on the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 12, 1970]. Except as otherwise provided in this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] the other provisions of this Act shall become effective within 1 year after the enactment of this Act [Aug. 12, 1970] on the date or dates established therefor by the Board of Governors and published by it in the Federal Register. References to the Postal Service in any provision of this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] (other than a provision referred to in the first sentence of this subsection) which becomes effective before the Postal Service commences operations shall be held and considered to refer to the Post Office Department until the Postal Service commences operations.

     "(b) Sections 3010 and 3011 of title 39, United States Code, as enacted by section 2 of this Act, and sections 1735, 1736, and 1737 of title 18, United States Code, as enacted by section 6(j) of this Act, shall become effective on the first day of the sixth month which begins after the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 12, 1970]."

     The provisions of Title 39, as revised by Pub. L. 91–375, § 2, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 719, are effective on the following dates:

     Effective Aug. 12, 1970, pursuant to section 15(a) of Pub. L. 91–375:

Sections 202, 203, 205(b), (c), 206, 401(2), and 3601 to 3604.

     Effective Feb. 1, 1971, pursuant to section 15(b) of Pub. L. 91–375:

Sections 3010 and 3011.

     Effective Jan. 16, 1971, pursuant to Resolution No. 71–5 of the Board of Governors of the U.S. Postal Service:

Sections 207 and 402.

     Effective Jan. 20, 1971, pursuant to Resolution Nos. 71–7, 71–8 and 71–10 of the Board of Governors of the U.S. Postal Service:

Sections 101, 204, 403, 404(2), 410(b)(1), (c)(4), 1003, 2004, 2401(b)(c), 3621 to 3628, 3641 and 3681 to 3685.

     Effective Mar. 1, 1971, pursuant to Resolution No. 71–13 of the Board of Governors of the U.S. Postal Service:

Sections 1001 and 1002.

     Effective Apr. 13, 1971, pursuant to Resolution No. 71–14 of the Board of Governors of the U.S. Postal Service:

Section 410(a), (b)(2) to (6), (c)(1) to (3), (5), (6).

     Effective July 1, 1971, all other provisions of Title 39, pursuant to Resolution No. 71–9 of the Board of Governors, which provided in part: "The Board of Governors establishes July 1, 1971, as the date upon which the Postal Service shall commence operations. All provisions of the Act [Pub. L. 91–375] not made effective on an earlier date shall become effective upon the commencement of operations."

Savings Provision

     Pub. L. 91–375, § 5, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 774, provided that:

     "(a) All orders, determinations, rules, regulations, permits, contracts, certificates, licenses, and privileges—

"(1) which have been issued, made, granted, or allowed to become effective—

     "(A) under any provision of law amended by this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title]; or

     "(B) in the exercise of duties, powers, or functions which are transferred under this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title];

by (i) any department or agency, any functions of which are transferred by this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title], or (ii) any court of competent jurisdiction; and

"(2) which are in effect at the time the United States Postal Service commences operations, shall continue in effect according to their terms until modified, terminated, superseded, set aside, or repealed by the Postal Service (in the exercise of any authority vested in it by this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title]), by any court of competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law.

     "(b) The provisions of this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] shall not affect any proceedings pending at the time this section takes effect before any department or agency (or component thereof), the functions of which are transferred by this Act but such proceedings shall be continued before the Postal Service. Orders shall be issued in such proceedings, appeals shall be taken therefrom, and payments shall be made pursuant to such orders, as if this Act had not been enacted; and orders issued in any such proceedings shall continue in effect until modified, terminated, superseded, or repealed by the Postal Service (in the exercise of any authority vested in it by this Act), by a court of competent jurisdiction, or by operation of law.

     "(c)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection—

"(A) the provisions of this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] shall not affect suits commenced prior to the date this section takes effect; and

"(B) in all such suits proceedings shall be had, appeals taken, and judgments rendered, in the same manner and effect as if this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] had not been enacted.

No suit, action, or other proceeding commenced by or against any officer in his official capacity as an officer of any department or agency, functions of which are transferred by this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] shall abate by reason of the enactment of this Act. No cause of action by or against any department or agency, functions of which are transferred by this Act, or by or against any officer thereof in his official capacity shall abate by reason of the enactment of this Act. Causes of actions, suits, actions, or other proceedings may be asserted by or against the Postal Service or such official of that Service as may be appropriate and, in any litigation pending when this section takes effect, the court may at any time, on its own motion or that of any party, enter an order which will give effect to the provisions of this subsection.

     "(2) If before the date on which any provision of this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] takes effect, any department or agency, or officer thereof in his official capacity, is a party to a suit, and under this Act–

"(A) such department or agency is transferred to the Postal Service; or

"(B) any function of such department, agency, or officer is transferred to the Postal Service;

such suit shall be continued by the Postal Service.

     "(d) The amendment of any statute by this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] shall not release or extinguish any criminal prosecution, penalty, forfeiture, or liability incurred under such statute, unless the amending Act shall so expressly provide, and such statute shall be treated as still remaining in force for the purpose of sustaining any proper action or prosecution for the enforcement of such prosecution, penalty, forfeiture, or liability.

     "(e) With respect to any function, power, or duty transferred by this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] and exercised after the effective date of this Act, reference in any other Federal law to any department or agency, officer, or office so transferred, or functions of which are so transferred, shall be deemed to mean the officer or agency of the Postal Service in which this Act vests such function after such transfer.

     "(f) Provisions of title 39, United States Code, in effect immediately prior to the effective date of this section, but not reenacted by this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title], shall remain in force as rules or regulations of the Postal Service established by this Act, to the extent the Postal Service is authorized to adopt such provisions as rules or regulations, until they are revoked, amended, or revised by the Postal Service.

     "(g) Notwithstanding section 202 of title 39, United States Code, as enacted by section 2 of this Act, Governors of the Board of Governors of the Postal Service may be paid $300 a day for not more than 60 days of meetings in each of the first 2 years following the effective date of such section 202 [see section 15(b) of Pub. L. 91–375 set out as an Effective Date note above]."

     Provisions of section 5 of Pub. L. 91–375 effective within 1 year after Aug. 12, 1970, on date established therefor by the Board of Governors of the United States Postal Service and published by it in the Federal Register, see section 15(a) of Pub. L. 91–375, set out as an Effective Date note above.

Corresponding References

     Pub. L. 91–375, § 6(o)–(q), Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 783, provided that:

     "(o) Whenever any reference is made in any provision of law (other than this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] or a provision of law amended by this Act), regulation, rule, record, or document to the Post Office Department, the Postal Service, the postal field service, the field postal service, or the departmental service or departmental headquarters of the Post Office Department, such reference shall be considered a reference to the United States Postal Service. Any reference to any officer or employee of the Post Office Department, the Postal Service, the postal field service, the field postal service, or the departmental service or departmental headquarters of the Post Office Department shall be deemed a reference to the appropriate officer or employee of the United States Postal Service.

     "(p) Whenever reference is made in any provision of law (other than this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] or provision of law amended by this Act), regulation, rule, record, or document to a postal inspector or chief postal inspector of the Post Office Department, such reference shall be deemed to be a reference to the appropriate officer or employee of the United States Postal Service who performs duties related to the inspection of postal matters.

     "(q) Whenever reference is made in any law to title 39, United States Code, or provision of that title, as such title or provision existed prior to the effective date of this section [see Effective Date note set out above], that reference shall be considered a reference to the appropriate provision of title 39, as amended by section 2 of this Act, unless no such provision is included therein."

     Provisions of section 6(o) to (q) of Pub. L. 91–375 effective within 1 year after Aug. 12, 1970, on date established therefor by the Board of Governors and published by it in the Federal Register, see section 15(a) of Pub. L. 91–375, set out as an Effective Date note above.

Separability; Legislative Construction

     Pub. L. 91–375, § 11, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 785, provided that:

     "(a) If a part of title 39, United States Code, as enacted by section 2 of this Act, is held invalid, the remainder of such title shall not be affected thereby; and if any other part of this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 101 of this title] is held to be invalid, the remainder of the Act shall not be affected thereby.

     "(b) An inference of a legislative construction is not to be drawn by reason of a chapter in title 39, United States Code, as enacted by section 2 of this Act in which a section is placed nor by reason of the caption or catchline."

     Provisions of section 11 of Pub. L. 91–375 effective Aug. 12, 1970, see section 15(a) of Pub. L. 91–375, set out as an Effective Date note above.

Title Referred to in Other Sections

     This title is referred to in title 49 sections 5126, 41901.

PART I—GENERAL

Chap.     Sec.

1.     Postal Policy and Definitions     101

2.     Organization     201

4.     General Authority     401

6.     Private Carriage of Letters     601

Contents:

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Chicago: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel", "Title 39— Postal Service," U.S. Code, Title 39, Postal Service in U.S. Code, Title 39, Postal Service (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 2002), Original Sources, accessed July 2, 2022, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=AB5T63Q7SW9QD7R.

MLA: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel". "Title 39— Postal Service." U.S. Code, Title 39, Postal Service, in U.S. Code, Title 39, Postal Service, Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office, 2002, Original Sources. 2 Jul. 2022. http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=AB5T63Q7SW9QD7R.

Harvard: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel", 'Title 39— Postal Service' in U.S. Code, Title 39, Postal Service. cited in 2002, U.S. Code, Title 39, Postal Service, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.. Original Sources, retrieved 2 July 2022, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=AB5T63Q7SW9QD7R.