Spoon River Anthology

Author: Edgar Lee Masters

Jefferson Howard

MY valiant fight! For I call it valiant,
With my father’s beliefs from old Virginia:
Hating slavery, but no less war.
I, full of spirit, audacity, courage
Thrown into life here in Spoon River,
With its dominant forces drawn from
New England, Republicans, Calvinists, merchants, bankers,
Hating me, yet fearing my arm.
With wife and children heavy to carry—
Yet fruits of my very zest of life.
Stealing odd pleasures that cost me prestige,
And reaping evils I had not sown;
Foe of the church with its charnel dankness,
Friend of the human touch of the tavern;
Tangled with fates all alien to me,
Deserted by hands I called my own.
Then just as I felt my giant strength
Short of breath, behold my children
Had wound their lives in stranger gardens—
And I stood alone, as I started alone
My valiant life! I died on my feet,
Facing the silence—facing the prospect
That no one would know of the fight I made.


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Chicago: Edgar Lee Masters, "Jefferson Howard," Spoon River Anthology in Spoon River Anthology Original Sources, accessed July 17, 2024, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=CKVVV85Y1Z8BM9P.

MLA: Masters, Edgar Lee. "Jefferson Howard." Spoon River Anthology, in Spoon River Anthology, Original Sources. 17 Jul. 2024. http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=CKVVV85Y1Z8BM9P.

Harvard: Masters, EL, 'Jefferson Howard' in Spoon River Anthology. cited in , Spoon River Anthology. Original Sources, retrieved 17 July 2024, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=CKVVV85Y1Z8BM9P.