U.S. Code, Title 11, Bankruptcy

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Author: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel"

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Title 11—Bankruptcy

This title was enacted by Pub. L. 95–598, title I, § 101, Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2549

Chap.     Sec.

1.     General Provisions     101

3.     Case Administration     301

5.     Creditors, the Debtor, and the Estate     501

7.     Liquidation     701

9.     Adjustment of Debts of a Municipality     901

11.     Reorganization     1101

12.     Adjustment of Debts of Family Farmers with Regular Annual Income 1     1201

1 So in original. Does not conform to chapter heading.

13.     Adjustment of Debts of an Individual With Regular Income     1301

[15.          Repealed.]

Amendments

     1994—Pub. L. 103–394, title V, § 501(d)(39), Oct. 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 4147, struck out item for chapter 15, "United States Trustees".

     1986—Pub. L. 99–554, title II, § 257(a), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3114, added item for chapter 12.

Table I

This Table lists the sections of former Title 11, Bankruptcy, and indicates the sections of Title 11, as revised by Pub. L. 95–598 which cover similar and related subject matter.

Title 11 Former Sections

Title 11 New Sections

1(1)–(3)      Rep.

1(4)      101(12)

1(5)–(7)      Rep.

1(8)      101(8)

1(9), (10)      Rep.

1(11)      101(9)

1(12), (13)      Rep.

1(14)      101(11)

1(15), (16)      Rep.

1(17)      101(17), (18)

1(18)      Rep.

1(19)      101(26)

1(20)–(22)      Rep.

1(23)      101(30)

1(24)      101(31)

1(25), (26)      Rep.

1(27)      101(34)

1(28), (29)      Rep.

1(29a)      101(38)

1(30)      101(40)

1(31)      Rep.

1(32)      101(24)

1(33), (34)      Rep.

1(35)      102(7)

11(a)(1)      109(a)

11(a)(2)      502(j)

11(a)(2A)      505(a), (b)

11(a)(3), (4)      Rep.

11(a)(5)      721

11(a)(6)      Rep.

11(a)(7)      363

11(a)(8)      350

11(a)(9)–(14)      Rep.

11(a)(15)      105

11(a)(16)      Rep.

11(a)(17)      324

11(a)(18)      303(i)

11(a)(19), (20)      Rep.

11(a)(21)      543(b), (c)

11(a)(22)      305(a)(2)

11(b)      Rep.

21      303(h)

22      109(b)

22(a)      301

22(b)      303(a)

23(a)      Rep.

23(b)      303(b)

23(c)–(f)      Rep.

23(g)      723

23(h)–(k)      Rep.

24      522

25(a)(1)      343, 521(4)

25(a)(2)      Rep.

25(a)(3)      521(2)

25(a)(4)      521(3)

25(a)(5)      521(3)

25(a)(6)      521(2)

25(a)(7)      521(2)

25(a)(8), (9)      521(1)

25(a)(10)      343, 344

25(a)(11)      521(3)

25(b)      Rep.

26      541(a)

27, 28      Rep.

29(a)      362

29(b)–(d)      Rep.

29(e)      108(a), (b)

29(f)      108(c)

30, 31      (See former 501–1103)

32(a)      727(a)(10), 1141(d)(4)

32(b)      727(c)

32(c)(1)      727(a)(2), (4)

32(c)(2)      727(a)(3)

32(c)(3)      727(a)(4)

32(c)(4)      727(a)(2)

32(c)(5)      727(a)(8), (9)

32(c)(6)      727(a)(6)

32(c)(7)      727(a)(5)

32(c)(8)      Rep.

32(d), (e)      Rep.

32(f)      524(a)

32(g), (h)      Rep.

33      727(d), (e), 1328(e)

34      524(e)

35(a)(1)      523(a)(1)

35(a)(2)      523(a)(2)

35(a)(3)      523(a)(3)

35(a)(4)      523(a)(4)

35(a)(5), (6)      Rep.

35(a)(7)      523(a)(5)

35(a)(8)      523(a)(6)

35(b)      523(b), 349(a)

35(c)      523(c)

35(c)(4)      362

41(a)      Rep.

41(b)      303(d)

41(c)–(e)      Rep.

41(f)      301

42      T. 28 § 1480

43      Rep.

44(a)      343

44(b)–(f)      Rep.

44(g)      549(c)

44(h)–(l)      Rep.

45–51      Rep.

52, 53      Rep.

54      Rep.

55      T. 28 § 1475

61–71      Rep.

72(a)      702

72(b)      705

72(c)      327(c)

73      321

74      325, 703(a)

75(a)(1)      704(1)

75(a)(2)      345

75(a)(3)      704(2)

75(a)(4)      Rep.

75(a)(5)      704(2)

75(a)(6)      Rep.

75(a)(7)      704(3)

75(a)(8)      704(4)

75(a)(9)      704(5)

75(a)(10)      704(6)

75(a)(11), (12)      Rep.

75(a)(13)      704(8)

75(a)(14)      Rep.

75(b), (c)      Rep.

76(a), (b)      Rep.

76(c)      326(a), 330

76(d)      Rep.

76(e)      326(d)

76(f), (g)      Rep.

76a      330

77      107

78(a)      Rep.

78(b)      322(a)

78(c)      322(b)(1)

78(d)      322(b)(2)

78(e)      Rep.

78(f), (g)      322(b)(2)

78(h)      Rep.

78(i)      322(c)

78(j)–(l)      Rep.

78(m)      322(d)

78(n)      Rep.

79–82      Rep.

91, 92      341

93(a)–(c)      Rep.

93(d)      502(a), (c)

93(e)      Rep.

93(f)      502(b)

93(g)      502(d)

93(h)      506(a), (b)

93(i)      501(b), 509

93(j)      724(a)

93(k)      502(j)

93(l), (m)      Rep.

93(n)      501(a), 726(a)(3)

93a      Rep.

94      342

95(a)      301

95(b)      303(b)

95(c), (d)      Rep.

95(e)      303(b)

95(f)      303(c)

95(g)      303(j), 707

95(h)      Rep.

96      547

96(a)(4)      547(e)(1)(B)

96(b)      550, 551

96(c)      547(c)(4), 553

96(d)      329

96(e)(1)      741

96(e)(2)      745, 751, 752

96(e)(3)      753

96(e)(5)      749

101      345

101a      Rep.

102(a)(1)      503(b)(2)

102(a)(2)–(4)      Rep.

102(b)      Rep.

102(c)      504

102(d)      Rep.

103      101(4)

103(a)(9)      502(b)(7)

103(c)      365

103a      Rep.

104(a)      507

104(a)(1)      503(b)

104(a)(2)      507(a)(3)

104(a)(4)      502(b)(4), 505(a), (b)

104(b)      Rep.

105(a)–(c)      Rep.

105(d)      508

105(e)      Rep.

106(a)      347(a)

106(b)      Rep.

107(a)      349(b), 547(b), (d), 551

107(b), (c)      545

107(c)(1)(A)      545(1)

107(c)(1)(B)      545(2), 546(b)

107(c)(1)(C)      545(3), (4)

107(c)(2)      551

107(c)(3)      724(b)

107(d)(1)(a)–(c)      Rep.

107(d)(1)(d)      101(26)

107(d)(1)(e)      Rep.

107(d)(2)      548(a)

107(d)(3)      550

107(d)(4)      548(b)

107(d)(5)      548(d)(1)

107(d)(6)      548(c), 550, 551

107(d)(7)      Rep.

107(e), (f)      Rep.

108      502(b)(3), 553

109(a)      303(e)

109(b)      303(i)

109(c)      Rep.

109(d)      303(g), 543(b), (c)

110(a)      541(a)

110(a)(3)      541(b)

110(a)(5)      522(d)(7), (8)

110(b)      365

110(c)      541(e), 544(a)

110(d)(1)      549(a)

110(d)(2), (3)      542(c)

110(d)(4), (5)      Rep.

110(e)      544(b)

110(f)      363

110(g)–(i)      Rep.

111, 112      Rep.

201, 202      (See former 501–1103)

202a–204      Rep.

205(a)      Rep.

205(b)      1171(b), 1172

205(c)(1)      1163

205(c)(2)      1166

205(c)(3)–(5)      Rep.

205(c)(6)      1169

205(c)(7)–(13)      Rep.

205(d)      Rep.

205(e)      1173

205(f)–(i)      Rep.

205(j)      1168

205(k), (l)      Rep.

205(m)      101(33)

205(n)      1167, 1171(a)

205(o)      1170

205(p)–(s)      Rep.

205a      Rep.

206, 207      (See former 501–1103)

208      Rep.

301–303      Rep.

401(1)      101(4)

401(2)      Rep.

401(3)      101(9)

401(4)      Rep.

401(5)      101(11)

401(6)      101(28)

401(7)      101(30)

401(8)      101(12)

401(9)      Rep.

401(10)      902(2)

401(11)      903(3)

402(a)      Rep.

402(b)(1), (2)      901

402(b)(3)      Rep.

402(c)      904

402(d)      921(b)

403      903

404      101(29), 109(c)

405(a)      921(a), (c)–(f)

405(b)      901, 924

405(c)      Rep.

405(d)      923

405(e)      901

405(e)(1)      922(a)

405(f), (g)      Rep.

405(h)      901, 926

406, 407      Rep.

408(a)      925

408(b)      901

408(c)      Rep.

409      901

410(a)      941, 942

410(b)      942

411, 412      901

413      901, 943(a)

414(a)      901

414(b)(1)      943(b)(5), (6)

414(b)(2)      943(b)(2)

414(b)(3)      Rep.

414(b)(4)      943(b)(3)

414(b)(5)      Rep.

414(b)(6)      943(b)(4)

415(a)      944(a)

415(b)(1)      944(b)

415(b)(2)      944(c)

416(a)      Rep.

416(b)      901

416(c)      Rep.

416(d)      347(b), 901

416(e)      945(a)

416(f)      Rep.

417      946

418      927

501, 502      Rep.

506(1)      101(4)

506(2), (3)      Rep.

506(4)      101(9)

506(5)      101(12)

506(6)      101(11)

506(7)      Rep.

506(8)      101(23)

506(9)      101(31)

506(10)      Rep.

506(11)      101(35)

506(12), (13)      Rep.

507      1124

511, 512      Rep.

513      362

514, 515      Rep.

516(1)      365

516(2)      364

516(3)      363

516(4)      362

516(5), (6)      1110

517–521      Rep.

526      303(b)

527      Rep.

528      T. 28 § 1472

529–533      Rep.

536, 537      303(d)

541–549      Rep.

556      1104(a)

557      327

558      101(13)

559      1105

560      324, 1104(c)

561, 562      Rep.

563      1107(a)

564      1106(a)(2)

565      Rep.

566      107

567(1)      1106(a)(3)

567(2)      Rep.

567(3)      1106(a)(4)(A)

567(4)      Rep.

567(5)      1106(a)(4)

567(6)      Rep.

568      1104(b), 1106(b)

569      1106(a)(5)

570      1121

571–574      Rep.

575      1125(d)

576      1125(b)

577, 578      Rep.

579      1126, 1128(a)

580      1128(b)

586      541(a)

587      1106

588      1107(a)

589      1108

590      Rep.

591      327

596      501(a), 1111

597      1122

598      501(a)

599      1126(a)

600, 601      Rep.

602      502(b)(7)

603      1126(e)

604      1143

605      347(b)

606      1109(b)

607      1109

608      1109(a)

609–613      Rep.

616(1)      1123(b)(1)

616(2)      1123(a)(5), (b)(4)

616(3)      Rep.

616(4)      1123(b)(2)

616(5)      1123(a)(3)

616(6)      1123(a)(2)

616(7)–(9)      Rep.

616(10)      1123(a)(5)

616(11)      1123(a)(7)

616(12)(a)      1123(a)(6)

616(12)(b)      Rep.

616(13)      1123(b)(3)

616(14)      1123(b)(5)

621(1)      1129(a)(1)

621(2)      1129(a)(7), (11)

621(3)      1129(a)(3)

621(4)      1129(a)(4)

621(5)      1129(a)(5)

622      1127

623      1127(d)

624(1)      1141(a)

624(2)      1129(a)(6), 1142(a)

624(3), (4)      Rep.

625      Rep.

626      1141(c)

627      1142(b)

628(1)      1141(d)(1)–(3)

628(2)–(4)      Rep.

629(a)      1101(2)

629(b)      Rep.

629(c)      1127(b)

636      1112(b)

637      Rep.

638      348

641(1), (2)      Rep.

641(3), (4)      330

641(5)      503(b)(4)

642(1)      503(b)(3), (5)

642(2)      Rep.

642(3)      503(b)(4)

643      503(b)(3), (4)

644(1)      330

644(2)      503(b)(4)

644(3)      330

644(4)      503(b)(3), (4)

645–650      Rep.

656–659      Rep.

661      108(c)

662      Rep.

663      362

664(a)      1145(a)

664(b)      1145(b)

665, 666      Rep.

667      1146(c)

668      346(j)(1)

669      1129(d)

670      346(j)(5)

671, 672      Rep.

676      Rep.

701, 702      Rep.

706(1), (2)      Rep.

706(3)      101(12), 109(d)

706(4)      Rep.

706(5)      101(31)

707(1)      101(9)

707(2)      101(4), (11)

708      1124

711, 712      Rep.

713(1)      365

713(2)      363

713(3)      Rep.

714      362

715, 716      Rep.

721–728      Rep.

731–733      Rep.

734      341

735      341

735(3)      1128(a)

736      341

736(2)      501(a)

736(3)      343

737(1)      Rep.

737(2)      1129(a)(9)

737(3)      1128(a)

738      1102

739(1)(a)      1103(c)(2)

739(1)(b)–(e)      1103(c)(3)

739(1)(f)      1104(c)(5)

739(2)      503(b)(4), 1103(a)

741      Rep.

742      1107(a)

743      1108

744      364

751      1122

752      Rep.

753      502(b)(7)

754, 755      Rep.

755a      501(a)

756      Rep.

757(1)      Rep.

757(2)      1123(b)(2)

757(3)–(7)      Rep.

757(8)      1123(b)(5)

761      1129(a)(3)

762      Rep.

763      1127

764      1127(d)

765      1127(c)

766(1)      1129(a)(1)

766(2)      1129(a)(7), (11)

766(3)      1129(a)(2)

766(4)      1129(a)(3)

767(1)      1141(a)

767(2)–(4)      Rep.

768–770      Rep.

771      1141(d)(1)–(3)

772      Rep.

776, 777      1112(b)

778      348

779–781      Rep.

786      1144

787(1)      1127(b)

787(2)      1127(c)

787(3)      1127(d)

787(4)      Rep.

791      108(c)

792      Rep.

793(a)      1145(a)

793(b)      1145(b)

794      Rep.

795      346(j)(1)

796      346(j)(5)

797      Rep.

799      Rep.

801, 802      Rep.

806(1)      Rep.

806(2)      101(4)

806(3), (4)      Rep.

806(5)      101(9)

806(6)      101(12), 109(d)

806(7)      101(11)

806(8)      101(23)

806(9)      101(31)

807      1124

811, 812      Rep.

813(1)      365

813(2)      363

813(3)      Rep.

814      362

815, 816      Rep.

821–827      Rep.

828      362

831      Rep.

832      1104(a)

833      Rep.

834      341

835      341, 1128(a)

836      341

836(2)      501(a)

836(3)      343

837(1)      1104(a)

837(2)      Rep.

837(3)      1128(a)

841      Rep.

842      1106

843      348

844      1107(a)

845      1108

846      364

851      501(a), 1111

852      1122

853      Rep.

854      501(a)

855–857      Rep.

858      502(b)(7)

859      Rep.

861(1)–(3)      Rep.

861(4)      1123(b)(2)

861(5), (6)      Rep.

861(7)      1123(b)(4)

861(8)      Rep.

861(9)      1123(a)(3)

861(10)      1123(a)(2)

861(11)      Rep.

861(12)      1123(a)(5)

861(13)      1123(b)(5)

866      Rep.

867      1129(a)(3)

868      Rep.

869      1127(a), (b)

870      1127(d)

871      1127(c)

872(1)      1129(a)(1)

872(2)      1129(a)(7), (11)

872(3)      1129(a)(2)

872(4)      1129(a)(3)

872(5)      1129(a)(4)

873(1)      1141(a)

873(2)      1142(a)

873(3)      Rep.

874      1141(c)

875      1142(b)

876      1141(d)(1)–(3)

877      Rep.

881, 882      1112(b)

883      348

884–886      Rep.

891(1)      Rep.

891(2), (3)      330

892(1)      503(b)(3)

892(2)      Rep.

892(3)      503(b)(4)

893(1)      Rep.

893(2)      503(b)(4)

893(3)      330

893(4)      503(b)(4)

894–898      Rep.

906–909      Rep.

911      1144

916      108(c)

917      362

918(a)      1145(a)

918(b)      1145(b)

919      Rep.

920      346(j)(1)

921      1129(d)

922      346(j)(5)

923      Rep.

926      Rep.

1001, 1002      Rep.

1006(1)      101(4)

1006(2)      101(9)

1006(3)      101(12), 109(e)

1006(4)      101(11)

1006(5)      Rep.

1006(6)      101(31)

1006(7)      Rep.

1006(8)      101(24), 109(e)

1007      Rep.

1011, 1012      Rep.

1013(1)      365

1013(2)      Rep.

1014      362

1015, 1016      Rep.

1021–1026      Rep.

1031      Rep.

1032, 1033      341

1033(1)      343, 501(a)

1033(2)      1321

1033(5)      1324

1036      1303

1037      Rep.

1041–1044      Rep.

1046(1)      1322(b)(1)

1046(2)      1322(b)(2)

1046(3)      1322(a)(2)

1046(4)      1322(a)(1)

1046(5)      1329(a)

1046(6)      1322(b)(7)

1046(7)      1322(b)(10)

1051      1325(a)(3)

1052      Rep.

1053      1323(a)

1054      1323(c)

1055      Rep.

1056(a)(1)      1325(a)(1)

1056(a)(2)      1325(a)(6)

1056(a)(3)      Rep.

1056(a)(4)      1325(a)(3)

1056(b)      502(b)

1057      1327(a)

1058      Rep.

1059      1326(a)

1060      1328(a), (c), (d)

1061      1328(b)

1062      Rep.

1066      348, 1307

1067      348

1068, 1069      Rep.

1071      1330

1076      108(c)

1077–1079      Rep.

1080      1305(a)(1)

1086      Rep.

1101–1103      Rep.

1200–1255      Rep.

Table II

This Table lists the sections of revised Title 11, Bankruptcy, and indicates the sections of former Title 11, which covered similar and related subject matter.

Title 11 New Sections

Title 11 Former Sections

101(1)–(3)      

101(4)      103, 401(1), 506(1), 707(2), 806(2), 1006(1)

101(5)–(7)      

101(8)      1(8)

101(9)      1(11), 401(3), 506(4), 707(1), 806(5), 1062(2)

101(10)      

101(11)      1(14), 401(5), 506(6), 707(2), 806(7), 1006(4)

101(12)      1(4), 401(8), 506(5), 706(3), 806(6), 1006(3)

101(13)      558

101(14)–(16)      

101(17), (18)      1(17)

101(19)–(21)      

101(22)      T. 15 § 77ccc(7)

101(23)      506(8), 806(8)

101(24)      1(32), 1006(8)

101(25)      

101(26)      1(19), 107(d)(1)(d)

101(27)      

101(28)      401(6)

101(29)      404

101(30)      1(23), 401(7)

101(31)      1(24), 506(9), 706(5), 806(9), 1006(6)

101(32)      

101(33)      205(m)

101(34)      1(27)

101(35)      506(11)

101(36), (37)      

101(38)      1(29a)

101(39)      T. 15 § 78c(a)(4), (5)

101(40)      1(30)

102(1)–(6)      

102(7)      1(35)

102(8)      

103, 104      

105      11(a)(15)

106      

107      77, 566

108(a), (b)      29(e)

108(c)      29(f), 661, 791, 1076

109(a)      11(a)(1)

109(b)      22

109(c)      404

109(d)      706(3), 806(6)

109(e)      1006(3), (8)

301      22(a), 41(f), 95(a)

302      

303(a)      22(b)

303(b)      23(b), 95(b), (e), 526

303(c)      95(f)

303(d)      41(b), 536, 537

303(e)      109(a)

303(f)      

303(g)      109(d)

303(h)      21

303(i)      11(a)(18), 19(b)

303(j)      95(g)

303(k)      

304      

305(a)(1)      

305(a)(2)      11(a)(22)

305(b), (c)      

306      

321      73

322(a)      78(b)

322(b)(1)      78(c)

322(b)(2)      78(d), (f), (g)

322(c)      78(i)

322(d)      78(m)

323      

324      11(a)(17), 560

325      74

326(a)      76(c)

326(b), (c)      

326(d)      76(e)

327      557, 591

327(c)      72(c)

328      

329      96(d)

330      76(c), 76a, 641(3), (4), 644(1), (3), 891(2), (3), 893(3)

331      

341      91, 92, 734–736, 834–836, 1032, 1033

342      94

343      44(a), 25(a)(1), (10), 736(3), 836(3), 1033(1)

344      25(a)(10)

345      101, 75(a)(2)

346(a)–(i)      

346(j)(1)      668, 795, 920

346(j)(2)–(4)      

346(j)(5)      670, 796, 922

346(j)(6), (7)      

347(a)      106(a)

347(b)      416(d), 605

348      638, 778, 843, 1066, 1067

349(a)      35(b)

349(b)      107(a)

350      11(a)(8)

361      

362      29(a), 35(c)(4), 513, 516(4), 663, 714, 814, 828, 917, 1014

363      11(a)(7), 110(f), 516(3), 713(2), 813(2)

364      516(2), 744, 846

365      103(c), 110(b), 516(1), 713(1), 813(1), 1013(1)

366      

501(a)      93(n), 596, 598, 736(2), 755a, 836(2), 851, 854, 1033(1)

501(b)      93(i)

501(c), (d)      

502(a)      93(d)

502(b)      93(f), 1056(b)

502(b)(3)      108

502(b)(4)      104(a)(4)

502(b)(7)      103(a)(9), 602, 753, 858

502(c)      93(d)

502(d)      93(g)

502(e)–(i)      

502(j)      93(k), 11(a)(2)

503(a)      

503(b)      104(a)(1)

503(b)(2)      102(a)(1)

503(b)(3)      642(1), 643, 644(4), 892(1)

503(b)(4)      641(5), 642(3), 643, 644(2), (4), 739(2), 892(3), 893(2), (4)

503(b)(5)      642(1)

504      102(c)

505(a), (b)      11(a)(2A), 104(a)(4)

505(c)      

506(a), (b)      93(h)

506(c), (d)      

507      104(a)

507(a)(3)      104(a)(2)

508      105(d)

509      93(i)

510      

521(1)      25(a)(8), (9)

521(2)      25(a)(3), (6), (7)

521(3)      25(a)(4), (5), (11)

521(4)      25(a)(1)

522      24

523(a)(1)      35(a)(1)

523(a)(2)      35(a)(2)

523(a)(3)      35(a)(3)

523(a)(4)      35(a)(4)

523(a)(5)      35(a)(7)

523(a)(6)      35(a)(8)

523(a)(7)–(9)      

523(b)      35(b)

523(c)      35(c)

523(d)      

524(a)      32(f)

524(b)–(d)      

524(e)      34

525      

541(a)      26, 110(a), 586

541(b)      110(a)(3)

541(c), (d)      

541(e)      110(c)

542(a), (b)      

542(c)      110(d)(2), (3)

542(d), (e)      

543(a)      

543(b), (c)      11(a)(21), 109(d)

543(d)      

544(a)      110(c)

544(b)      110(e)

545      107(b), (c)

545(1)      107(c)(1)(A)

545(2)      107(c)(1)(B)

545(3), (4)      107(c)(1)(C)

546(a)      

546(b)      107(c)(1)(B)

546(c)      

547      96

547(b)      107(a)

547(c)(4)      96(c)

547(d)      107(a)

547(e)(1)(B)      96(a)(4)

548(a)      107(d)(2)

548(b)      107(d)(4)

548(c)      107(d)(6)

548(d)(1)      107(d)(5)

548(d)(2)      

549(a)      110(d)(1)

549(b)      

549(c)      44(g)

549(d)      

550      96(b), 107(d)(3), (6)

551      96(b), 107(a)(3), (c)(2), (d)(6), 110(e)(2)

552      

553      96(c), 108

554      

701      

702      72(a)

703(a)      74

703(b), (c)      

704(1)      75(a)(1)

704(2)      75(a)(3), (5)

704(3)      75(a)(7)

704(4)      75(a)(8)

704(5)      75(a)(9)

704(6)      75(a)(10)

704(7)      

704(8)      75(a)(13)

705      72(b)

706      

707      95(g)

721      11(a)(5)

722      

723      23(g)

724(a)      93(j)

724(b)      107(c)(3)

724(c), (d)      

725      

726(a)(1), (2)      

726(a)(3)      93(n)

726(a)(4)–(6), (b), (c)      

727(a)(1)      

727(a)(2)      32(c)(1), (4)

727(a)(3)      32(c)(2)

727(a)(4)      32(c)(1), (3)

727(a)(5)      32(c)(7)

727(a)(6)      32(c)(6)

727(a)(7)      

727(a)(8), (9)      32(c)(5)

727(a)(10)      32(a)

727(b)      

727(c)      32(b)

727(d), (e)      33

728      

741      96(e)(1)

742–744      

745      96(e)(2)

746–748      

749      96(e)(5)

750      

751      96(e)(2)

752      96(e)(2), (3)

761–766      

901      402(b)(1), (2), 405(b), (e), (h), 408(b), 409, 411, 412, 413, 414(a), 416(b), (d)

902(1)      

902(2)      401(10)

902(3)      401(11)

902(4)      

903      403

904      402(c)

921(a)      405(a)

921(b)      402(d)

921(c)–(f)      405(a)

922(a)      405(e)(1)

922(b)      

923      405(d)

924      405(b)

925      408(a)

926      405(h)

927      418

941      410(a)

942      410(a), (b)

943(a)      413

943(b)(1)      

943(b)(2)      414(b)(2)

943(b)(3)      414(b)(4)

943(b)(4)      414(b)(6)

943(b)(5), (6)      414(b)(1)

944(a)      415(a)

944(b)      415(b)(1)

944(c)      415(b)(2)

945(a)      416(e)

945(b)      

946      417

1101(1)      

1101(2)      629(a)

1102      738

1103(a)      739(2)

1103(b), (c)(1)      

1103(c)(2)      739(1)(a)

1103(c)(3)      739(1)(b)–(e)

1103(c)(4)      

1103(c)(5)      739(1)(f)

1103(d)      

1104(a)      556, 832, 837(1)

1104(b)      568

1104(c)      560

1105      559

1106      587, 842

1106(a)(2)      564

1106(a)(3)      567(1)

1106(a)(4)      567(5)

1106(a)(4)(A)      567(3)

1106(a)(5)      569

1106(b)      568

1107(a)      563, 588, 742, 844

1107(b)      

1108      589, 743, 845

1109      607

1109(a)      608

1109(b)      606

1110      516(5), (6)

1111      596, 851

1112(a)      

1112(b)      636, 776, 777, 881, 882

1112(c)–(e)      

1121      570

1122      597, 751, 852

1123(a)(1)      

1123(a)(2)      616(6), 861(10)

1123(a)(3)      616(5), 861(9)

1123(a)(4)      

1123(a)(5)      616(2), (10), 861(12)

1123(a)(6)      616(12)(a)

1123(a)(7)      616(11)

1123(b)(1)      616(1)

1123(b)(2)      616(4), 757(2), 861(4)

1123(b)(3)      616(13)

1123(b)(4)      616(2), 861(7)

1123(b)(5)      616(14), 757(8), 861(13)

1123(c)      

1124      507, 708, 807

1125(a)      

1125(b)      576

1125(c)      

1125(d)      575

1125(e)      

1126      579

1126(a)      599

1126(e)      603

1127      622, 763

1127(a)      869

1127(b)      629(c), 787(1), 869

1127(c)      765, 787(2), (3), 871

1127(d)      623, 764, 870

1128(a)      579, 735(3), 737(3), 835, 837(3)

1128(b)      580

1129(a)(1)      621(1), 766(1), 872(1)

1129(a)(2)      766(3), 872(3)

1129(a)(3)      621(3), 761, 766(4), 867, 872(4)

1129(a)(4)      621(4), 872(5)

1129(a)(5)      621(5)

1129(a)(6)      624(2)

1129(a)(7)      621(2), 766(2), 872(2)

1129(a)(8)      

1129(a)(9)      737(2)

1129(a)(10)      

1129(a)(11)      621(2), 766(2), 872(2)

1129(b), (c)      

1129(d)      669, 921

1141(a)      624(1), 767(1), 873(1)

1141(b)      

1141(c)      626, 874

1141(d)(1)–(3)      628(1), 771, 876

1141(d)(4)      32(a)

1142(a)      624(2), 873(2)

1142(b)      627, 875

1143      604

1144      786, 911

1145(a)      664(a), 793(a), 918(a)

1145(b)      664(b), 793(b), 918(b)

1145(c), (d)      

1146(a), (b)      

1146(c)      667

1146(d)      

1161, 1162      

1163      205(c)(1)

1164, 1165      

1166      205(c)(2)

1167      205(n)

1168      205(j)

1169      205(c)(6)

1170      205(o)

1171(a)      205(n)

1171(b)      205(b)

1172      205(b)

1173      205(e)

1174      

1301, 1302      

1303      1036

1304      

1305(a)(1)      1080

1305(a)(2), (b), (c)      

1306      

1307      1066

1321      1033(2)

1322(a)(1)      1046(4)

1322(a)(2)      1046(3)

1322(a)(3)      

1322(b)(1)      1046(1)

1322(b)(2)      1046(2)

1322(b)(3)–(6)      

1322(b)(7)      1046(6)

1322(b)(8), (9)      

1322(b)(10)      1046(7)

1322(c)      

1323(a)      1053

1323(b)      

1323(c)      1054

1324      1033(5)

1325(a)(1)      1056(a)(1)

1325(a)(2)      

1325(a)(3)      1051, 1056(a)(4)

1325(a)(4), (5)      

1325(a)(6)      1056(a)(2)

1325(b)      

1326(a)      1059

1326(b)      

1327(a)      1057

1327(b), (c)      

1328(a)      1060

1328(b)      1061

1328(c), (d)      1060

1328(e)      33

1329(a)      1046(5)

1329(b), (c)      

1330      1071

1501–151326      

Enacting Clause

     Pub. L. 95–598, title I, § 101, Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2549, provided in part: "The law relating to bankruptcy is codified and enacted as title 11 of the United States Code, entitled `Bankruptcy’, and may be cited as 11 U.S.C. § —."

Repeals

     Pub. L. 95–598, title IV, § 401(a), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2682, provided that: "The Bankruptcy Act [act July 1, 1898, ch. 541, 30 Stat. 544, as amended] is repealed."

Effective Date

     Pub. L. 95–598, title IV, § 402, Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2682, as amended by Pub. L. 98–249, § 1(a), Mar. 31, 1984, 98 Stat. 116; Pub. L. 98–271, § 1(a), Apr. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 163; Pub. L. 98–299, § 1(a), May 25, 1984, 98 Stat. 214; Pub. L. 98–325, § 1(a), June 20, 1984, 98 Stat. 268; Pub. L. 98–353, title I, §§ 113, 121(a), July 10, 1984, 98 Stat. 343, 345; Pub. L. 98–454, title X, § 1001, Oct. 5, 1984, 98 Stat. 1745, provided that:

     "(a) Except as otherwise provided in this title [sections 401 to 411], this Act [for classification to the Code, see Tables] shall take effect on October 1, 1979.

     "(b) Except as provided in subsections (c) and (d) of this section, the amendments made by title II [sections 201 to 252] of this Act shall not be effective.

     "(c) The amendments made by sections 210, 214, 219, 220, 222, 224, 225, 228, 229, 235, 244, 245, 246, 249, and 251 of this Act shall take effect on October 1, 1979.

     "(d) The amendments made by sections 217, 218, 230, 247, 302, 314(j), 317, 327, 328, 338, and 411 of this Act shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act [Nov. 6, 1978].

     "(e) [Repealed. Pub. L. 98–454, title X, § 1001, Oct. 5, 1984, 98 Stat. 1745]."

     [Amendment of section 402(b) of Pub. L. 95–598, set out above, by section 113 of Pub. L. 98–353 effective June 27, 1984, see section 122(c) of Pub. L. 98–353, set out as an Effective Date note under section 151 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.]

Savings Provision

     Pub. L. 95–598, title IV, § 403, Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2683, as amended by Pub. L. 98–353, title III, § 382, July 10, 1984, 98 Stat. 364, provided that:

     "(a) A case commenced under the Bankruptcy Act, [act July 1, 1898, ch. 541, 30 Stat. 544, as amended], and all matters and proceedings in or relating to any such case, shall be conducted and determined under such Act as if this Act had not been enacted, and the substantive rights of parties in connection with any such bankruptcy case, matter, or proceeding shall continue to be governed by the law applicable to such case, matter, or proceeding as if the [this] Act had not been enacted.

     "(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, sections 1165, 1167, 1168, 1169, and 1171 of title 11 of the United States Code, as enacted by section 101 of this Act, apply to cases pending under section 77 of the Bankruptcy Act ([former] 11 U.S.C. 205) on the date of enactment of this Act [Nov. 6, 1978] in which the trustee has not filed a plan of reorganization.

     "(c) The repeal [of the Bankruptcy Act] made by section 401(a) of this Act does not affect any right of a referee in bankruptcy, United States bankruptcy judge, or survivor of a referee in bankruptcy or United States bankruptcy judge to receive any annuity or other payment under the civil service retirement laws.

     "(d) The amendments made by section 314 of this Act [for classification to the Code, see Tables] do not affect the application of chapter 9, chapter 96, section 2516, section 3057, or section 3284 of title 18 of the United States Code to any act of any person—

"(1) committed before October 1, 1979; or

"(2) committed after October 1, 1979, in connection with a case commenced before such date.

     "(e) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section—

"(1) a fee may not be charged under section 40c(2)(a) of the Bankruptcy Act [former 11 U.S.C. 68(c)(2)(a)] in a case pending under such Act after September 30, 1979, to the extent that such fee exceeds $200,000;

"(2) a fee may not be charged under section 40c(2)(b) of the Bankruptcy Act in a case in which the plan is confirmed after September 30, 1978, or in which the final determination as to the amount of such fee is made after September 30, 1979, notwithstanding an earlier confirmation date, to the extent that such fee exceeds $100,000;

"(3) after September 30, 1979, all moneys collected for payment into the referees’ salary and expense fund in cases filed under the Bankruptcy Act shall be collected and paid into the general fund of the Treasury; and

"(4) any balance in the referees’ salary and expense fund in the Treasury on October 1, 1979, shall be transferred to the general fund of the Treasury and the referees’ salary and expense fund account shall be closed."

     Pub. L. 98–353, title III, § 381, July 10, 1984, 98 Stat. 364, provided that: "This subtitle [(§§ 381, 382) amending section 403(e) of Pub. L. 95–598, set out above] may be cited as the `Referees Salary and Expense Fund Act of 1984’."

History of Bankruptcy Acts

     The bankruptcy laws were revised generally and enacted as Title 11, Bankruptcy, by Pub. L. 96–598, Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2549.

     Earlier bankruptcy laws included the following acts:

     Apr. 4, 1800, ch. 19, 2 Stat. 19, repealed Dec. 19, 1803, ch. 6, 2 Stat. 248.

     Aug. 19, 1841, ch. 9, 5 Stat. 440, repealed Mar. 3, 1843, ch. 82, 5 Stat. 614.

     Mar. 2, 1867, ch. 176, 14 Stat. 517, the provisions of which were incorporated in Rev. Stat. Title LXI, §§ 4972 to 5132, were materially amended June 22, 1874, ch. 390, 18 Stat. 178, and were repealed June 7, 1878, ch. 160, 20 Stat. 99.

     The Bankruptcy Act of July 1, 1898, ch. 541, 30 Stat. 544, as amended, sometimes called the Nelson Act, repealed by Pub. L. 95–598.

     The Chandler Act of July 22, 1938, ch. 575, 52 Stat. 883, which revised the Bankruptcy Act generally and materially amended the provisions covering corporate reorganizations, repealed by Pub. L. 95–598.

National Bankruptcy Review Commission

     Pub. L. 103–394, title VI, Oct. 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 4147, provided that:

"SEC. 601. SHORT TITLE.

     "This title may be cited as the `National Bankruptcy Review Commission Act’.

"SEC. 602. ESTABLISHMENT.

     "There is established the National Bankruptcy Review Commission (referred to as the `Commission’).

"SEC. 603. DUTIES OF THE COMMISSION.

     "The duties of the Commission are—

"(1) to investigate and study issues and problems relating to title 11, United States Code (commonly known as the `Bankruptcy Code’);

"(2) to evaluate the advisability of proposals and current arrangements with respect to such issues and problems;

"(3) to prepare and submit to the Congress, the Chief Justice, and the President a report in accordance with section 608; and

"(4) to solicit divergent views of all parties concerned with the operation of the bankruptcy system.

"SEC. 604. MEMBERSHIP.

     "(a) Number and Appointment.—The Commission shall be composed of 9 members as follows:

"(1) Three members appointed by the President, 1 of whom shall be designated as chairman by the President.

"(2) One member shall be appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate.

"(3) One member shall be appointed by the Minority Leader of the Senate.

"(4) One member shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.

"(5) One member shall be appointed by the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives.

"(6) Two members appointed by the Chief Justice.

Members of Congress, and officers and employees of the executive branch, shall be ineligible for appointment to the Commission.

     "(b) Term.—Members of the Commission shall be appointed for the life of the Commission.

     "(c) Quorum.—Five members of the Commission shall constitute a quorum, but a lesser number may conduct meetings.

     "(d) Appointment Deadline.—The first appointments made under subsection (a) shall be made within 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 1994].

     "(e) First Meeting.—The first meeting of the Commission shall be called by the chairman and shall be held within 210 days after the date of enactment of this Act.

     "(f) Vacancy.—A vacancy on the Commission resulting from the death or resignation of a member shall not affect its powers and shall be filled in the same manner in which the original appointment was made.

     "(g) Continuation of Membership.—If any member of the Commission who was appointed to the Commission as an officer or employee of a government leaves that office, or if any member of the Commission who was not appointed in such a capacity becomes an officer or employee of a government, the member may continue as a member of the Commission for not longer than the 90-day period beginning on the date the member leaves that office or becomes such an officer or employee, as the case may be.

     "(h) Consultation Prior to Appointment.—Prior to the appointment of members of the Commission, the President, the President pro tempore of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and the Chief Justice shall consult with each other to ensure fair and equitable representation of various points of view in the Commission and its staff.

"SEC. 605. COMPENSATION OF THE COMMISSION.

     "(a) Pay.—

"(1) Nongovernment employees.—Each member of the Commission who is not otherwise employed by the United States Government shall be entitled to receive the daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, for each day (including travel time) during which he or she is engaged in the actual performance of duties as a member of the Commission.

"(2) Government employees.—A member of the Commission who is an officer or employee of the United States Government shall serve without additional compensation.

     "(b) Travel.—Members of the Commission shall be reimbursed for travel, subsistence, and other necessary expenses incurred by them in the performance of their duties.

"SEC. 606. STAFF OF COMMISSION; EXPERTS AND CONSULTANTS.

     "(a) Staff.—

"(1) Appointment.—The chairman of the Commission may, without regard to the civil service laws and regulations, appoint, and terminate an executive director and such other personnel as are necessary to enable the Commission to perform its duties. The employment of an executive director shall be subject to confirmation by the Commission.

"(2) Compensation.—The chairman of the Commission may fix the compensation of the executive director and other personnel without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter II of chapter 53 of title 5, United States Code, relating to classification of positions and General Schedule pay rates, except that the rate of pay for the executive director and other personnel may not exceed the rate payable for level V of the Executive Schedule under section 5316 of that title.

     "(b) Experts and Consultants.—The Commission may procure temporary and intermittent services of experts and consultants under section 3109(b) of title 5, United States Code.

"SEC. 607. POWERS OF THE COMMISSION.

     "(a) Hearings and Meetings.—The Commission or, on authorization of the Commission, a member of the Commission, may hold such hearings, sit and act at such time and places, take such testimony, and receive such evidence, as the Commission considers appropriate. The Commission or a member of the Commission may administer oaths or affirmations to witnesses appearing before it.

     "(b) Official Data.—The Commission may secure directly from any Federal department, agency, or court information necessary to enable it to carry out this title. Upon request of the chairman of the Commission, the head of a Federal department or agency or chief judge of a Federal court shall furnish such information, consistent with law, to the Commission.

     "(c) Facilities and Support Services.—The Administrator of General Services shall provide to the Commission on a reimbursable basis such facilities and support services as the Commission may request. Upon request of the Commission, the head of a Federal department or agency may make any of the facilities or services of the agency available to the Commission to assist the Commission in carrying out its duties under this title.

     "(d) Expenditures and Contracts.—The Commission or, on authorization of the Commission, a member of the Commission may make expenditures and enter into contracts for the procurement of such supplies, services, and property as the Commission or member considers appropriate for the purposes of carrying out the duties of the Commission. Such expenditures and contracts may be made only to such extent or in such amounts as are provided in appropriation Acts.

     "(e) Mails.—The Commission may use the United States mails in the same manner and under the same conditions as other Federal departments and agencies of the United States.

     "(f) Gifts.—The Commission may accept, use, and dispose of gifts or donations of services or property.

"SEC. 608. REPORT.

     "The Commission shall submit to the Congress, the Chief Justice, and the President a report not later than 2 years after the date of its first meeting. The report shall contain a detailed statement of the findings and conclusions of the Commission, together with its recommendations for such legislative or administrative action as it considers appropriate.

"SEC. 609. TERMINATION.

     "The Commission shall cease to exist on the date that is 30 days after the date on which it submits its report under section 608.

"SEC. 610. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

     "There is authorized to be appropriated $1,500,000 to carry out this title."

Commission on the Bankruptcy Laws of the United States

     Pub. L. 91–354, §§ 1–6, July 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 468, as amended by Pub. L. 92–251, Mar. 17, 1972, 86 Stat. 63; Pub. L. 93–56, § 1, July 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 140, established the Commission on the Bankruptcy Laws of the United States, to study and recommend changes to this title, which ceased to exist 30 days after the date of submission of its final report which was required prior to July 31, 1973.

Title Referred to in Other Sections

     This title is referred to in title 7 sections 12, 24; title 8 section 1154; title 10 sections 1151, 2005, 2130a, 2200a; title 12 sections 339a, 624, 1150, 1467a, 1787, 1817, 1821; title 15 sections 77c, 77ccc, 78eee, 78fff, 78fff–1, 78fff–2, 78fff–4, 78lll, 79k, 80a–2, 80a–25, 80b–2, 1681c, 1870; title 17 section 201; title 18 sections 151, 152, 154, 155, 156, 157, 1961, 2516, 3284, 3613; title 19 section 1485; title 20 sections 1087–3, 9305; title 25 sections 1613a, 1616a; title 26 sections 108, 351, 355, 368, 382, 401, 422, 542, 856, 1017, 1361, 1398, 1399, 3302, 4980B, 6012, 6036, 6103, 6161, 6212, 6213, 6229, 6255, 6327, 6503, 6512, 6532, 6658, 6871, 6872, 7437, 7464, 7508; title 28 sections 156, 157, 158, 526, 586, 1334, 1408, 1409, 1411, 1412, 1930, 2075, 3003; title 29 sections 152, 402, 1054, 1163, 1341, 1343, 1362, 1368, 1391, 1402, 1405, 1413; title 30 section 934; title 31 section 3713; title 33 sections 511, 2716; title 37 sections 301b, 301d, 301e, 302, 302b, 302d, 302e, 302g, 302h, 308e, 308f, 308g, 308h, 308i, 314, 315, 317, 318, 319, 321, 322; title 38 sections 3732, 7634; title 40 section 316; title 41 section 41; title 42 sections 254o, 292f, 292o, 294f, 300ff–76, 656, 1473, 2000e, 3602, 6924, 6991b, 6991c, 9602, 9608; title 43 sections 617p, 1606, 1636; title 45 sections 701, 791, 912, 1007; title 48 sections 1424–4, 1614, 1821; title 49 section 14301.

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Chicago: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel", "Title 11— Bankruptcy," U.S. Code, Title 11, Bankruptcy in U.S. Code, Title 11, Bankruptcy (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 2002), Original Sources, accessed July 4, 2022, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=DRAQYQJTY7HH7JN.

MLA: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel". "Title 11— Bankruptcy." U.S. Code, Title 11, Bankruptcy, in U.S. Code, Title 11, Bankruptcy, Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office, 2002, Original Sources. 4 Jul. 2022. http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=DRAQYQJTY7HH7JN.

Harvard: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel", 'Title 11— Bankruptcy' in U.S. Code, Title 11, Bankruptcy. cited in 2002, U.S. Code, Title 11, Bankruptcy, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.. Original Sources, retrieved 4 July 2022, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=DRAQYQJTY7HH7JN.