The Athenian Constitution

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Author: Aristotle  | Date: 328 BC

CHAPTER 48

There are ten Receivers-General (Apodectae), elected by lot, one from each tribe. These officers receive the tablets, and strike off the instalments as they are paid, in the presence of the Council in the Council-chamber, and give the tablets back to the public clerk. If any one fails to pay his instalment, a note is made of it on the tablet; and he is bound to pay double the amount of the deficiency, or, in default, to be imprisoned. The Council has full power by the laws to exact these payments and to inflict this imprisonment. They receive all the instalments, therefore, on one day, and portion the money out among the magistrates; and on the next day they bring up the report of the apportionment, written on a wooden notice-board, and read it out in the Council-chamber, after which they ask publicly in the Council whether any one knows of any malpractice in reference to the apportionment, on the part of either a magistrate or a private individual, and if any one is charged with malpractice they take a vote on it.

The Council also elects ten Auditors (Logistae) by lot from its own members, to audit the accounts of the magistrates for each prytany. They also elect one Examiner of Accounts (Euthunus) by lot from each tribe, with two assessors (Paredri) for each examiner, whose duty it is to sit at the ordinary market hours, each opposite the statue of the eponymous hero of his tribe; and if any one wishes to prefer a charge, on either public or private grounds, against any magistrate who has passed his audit before the law-courts, within three days of his having so passed, he enters on a whitened tablet his own name and that of the magistrate prosecuted, together with the malpractice that is alleged against him. He also appends his claim for a penalty of such amount as seems to him fitting, and gives in the record to the Examiner. The latter takes it, and if after reading it he considers it proved he hands it over, if a private case, to the local justices who introduce cases for the tribe concerned, while if it is a public case he enters it on the register of the Thesmothetae. Then, if the Thesmothetae accept it, they bring the accounts of this magistrate once more before the law-court, and the decision of the jury stands as the final judgement.

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Chicago: Aristotle, "Chapter 48," The Athenian Constitution, trans. Sir Frederic G. Kenyon Original Sources, accessed October 4, 2022, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=KPUMFUVMT5CHQEY.

MLA: Aristotle. "Chapter 48." The Athenian Constitution, translted by Sir Frederic G. Kenyon, Original Sources. 4 Oct. 2022. http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=KPUMFUVMT5CHQEY.

Harvard: Aristotle, 'Chapter 48' in The Athenian Constitution, trans. . Original Sources, retrieved 4 October 2022, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=KPUMFUVMT5CHQEY.