Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774-1949

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Author: U.S. Congress

Hayes, Rutherford Birchard

Hayes, Rutherford Birchard, a Representative from Ohio and a President of the United States; born in Delaware, Delaware County, Ohio, October 4, 1822; attended the common schools, the Methodist Academy in Norwalk, Ohio, and the Webb Preparatory School in Middletown, Conn.; was graduated from Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio, in August 1842 and from the Harvard Law School in January 1845; was admitted to the bar May 10, 1845, and commenced practice in Lower Sandusky (now Fremont); moved to Cincinnati in 1849 and resumed the practice of law; city solicitor 1857-1859; during the Civil War entered the Union Army; commissioned major of the Twenty-third Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, June 27, 1861; lieutenant colonel October 24, 1861; colonel October 24, 1862; brigadier general of Volunteers October 9, 1864; brevetted major general of Volunteers March 3, 1865, "for gallant and distinguished services during the campaign of 1864 in West Virginia, and particularly at the Battles of Fishers Hill and Cedar Creek, Va."; resigned June 8, 1865; elected as a Republican to the Thirty-ninth and Fortieth Congresses and served from March 4, 1865, to July 20, 1867, when he resigned, having been nominated for Governor of Ohio; Governor 1868-1872; unsuccessful candidate for election to the Forty-third Congress; declined appointment as United States treasurer at Cincinnati, Ohio; again elected Governor and served from January 1876 to March 2, 1877, when he resigned, having been elected President of the United States in 1876; was inaugurated March 4, 1877, and served until March 3, 1881; president and trustee of many educational funds, colleges, and historical societies and commander of several military orders; died in Fremont, Sandusky County, Ohio, January 17, 1893; interment in Oakwood Cemetery; following the gift of his home to the State of Ohio for the Spiegel Grove State Park was reinterred there in 1915.

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Chicago: U.S. Congress, "Hayes, Rutherford Birchard," Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774-1949 in U.S. Congress, Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774–1949 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950), P.1288 Original Sources, accessed October 3, 2022, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=KQ5B3Z6LR3CUPI8.

MLA: U.S. Congress. "Hayes, Rutherford Birchard." Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774-1949, in U.S. Congress, Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774–1949 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950), P.1288, Original Sources. 3 Oct. 2022. http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=KQ5B3Z6LR3CUPI8.

Harvard: U.S. Congress, 'Hayes, Rutherford Birchard' in Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774-1949. cited in , U.S. Congress, Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774–1949 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950), P.1288. Original Sources, retrieved 3 October 2022, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=KQ5B3Z6LR3CUPI8.