U.S. Code, Title 26, Internal Revenue Code

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Author: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel"

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§ 62. Adjusted Gross Income Defined

(a) General rule

     For purposes of this subtitle, the term "adjusted gross income" means, in the case of an individual, gross income minus the following deductions:

(1) Trade and business deductions

     The deductions allowed by this chapter (other than by part VII of this subchapter) which are attributable to a trade or business carried on by the taxpayer, if such trade or business does not consist of the performance of services by the taxpayer as an employee.

(2) Certain trade and business deductions of employees

(A) Reimbursed expenses of employees

     The deductions allowed by part VI (section 161 and following) which consist of expenses paid or incurred by the taxpayer, in connection with the performance by him of services as an employee, under a reimbursement or other expense allowance arrangement with his employer. The fact that the reimbursement may be provided by a third party shall not be determinative of whether or not the preceding sentence applies.

(B) Certain expenses of performing artists

     The deductions allowed by section 162 which consist of expenses paid or incurred by a qualified performing artist in connection with the performances by him of services in the performing arts as an employee.

(C) Certain expenses of officials

     The deductions allowed by section 162 which consist of expenses paid or incurred with respect to services performed by an official as an employee of a State or a political subdivision thereof in a position compensated in whole or in part on a fee basis.

(3) Losses from sale or exchange of property

     The deductions allowed by part VI (sec. 161 and following) as losses from the sale or exchange of property.

(4) Deductions attributable to rents and royalties

     The deductions allowed by part VI (sec. 161 and following), by section 212 (relating to expenses for production of income), and by section 611 (relating to depletion) which are attributable to property held for the production of rents or royalties.

(5) Certain deductions of life tenants and income beneficiaries of property

     In the case of a life tenant of property, or an income beneficiary of property held in trust, or an heir, legatee, or devisee of an estate, the deduction for depreciation allowed by section 167 and the deduction allowed by section 611.

(6) Pension, profit-sharing, and annuity plans of self-employed individuals

     In the case of an individual who is an employee within the meaning of section 401(c)(1), the deduction allowed by section 404.

(7) Retirement savings

     The deduction allowed by section 219 (relating to deduction of certain retirement savings).

[(8) Repealed. Pub. L. 104–188, title I, § 1401(b)(4), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1788]

(9) Penalties forfeited because of premature withdrawal of funds from time savings accounts or deposits

     The deductions allowed by section 165 for losses incurred in any transaction entered into for profit, though not connected with a trade or business, to the extent that such losses include amounts forfeited to a bank, mutual savings bank, savings and loan association, building and loan association, cooperative bank or homestead association as a penalty for premature withdrawal of funds from a time savings account, certificate of deposit, or similar class of deposit.

(10) Alimony

     The deduction allowed by section 215.

(11) Reforestation expenses

     The deduction allowed by section 194.

(12) Certain required repayments of supplemental unemployment compensation benefits

     The deduction allowed by section 165 for the repayment to a trust described in paragraph (9) or (17) of section 501(c) of supplemental unemployment compensation benefits received from such trust if such repayment is required because of the receipt of trade readjustment allowances under section 231 or 232 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2291 and 2292).

(13) Jury duty pay remitted to employer

     Any deduction allowable under this chapter by reason of an individual remitting any portion of any jury pay to such individual’s employer in exchange for payment by the employer of compensation for the period such individual was performing jury duty. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the term "jury pay" means any payment received by the individual for the discharge of jury duty.

(14) Deduction for clean-fuel vehicles and certain refueling property

     The deduction allowed by section 179A.

(15) Moving expenses

     The deduction allowed by section 217.

(16) Archer MSAs

     The deduction allowed by section 220.

(17) Interest on education loans

     The deduction allowed by section 221.

Nothing in this section shall permit the same item to be deducted more than once.

(b) Qualified performing artist

(1) In general

     For purposes of subsection (a)(2)(B), the term "qualified performing artist" means, with respect to any taxable year, any individual if—

     (A) such individual performed services in the performing arts as an employee during the taxable year for at least 2 employers,

     (B) the aggregate amount allowable as a deduction under section 162 in connection with the performance of such services exceeds 10 percent of such individual’s gross income attributable to the performance of such services, and

     (C) the adjusted gross income of such individual for the taxable year (determined without regard to subsection (a)(2)(B)) does not exceed $16,000.

(2) Nominal employer not taken into account

     An individual shall not be treated as performing services in the performing arts as an employee for any employer during any taxable year unless the amount received by such individual from such employer for the performance of such services during the taxable year equals or exceeds $200.

(3) Special rules for married couples

(A) In general

     Except in the case of a husband and wife who lived apart at all times during the taxable year, if the taxpayer is married at the close of the taxable year, subsection (a)(2)(B) shall apply only if the taxpayer and his spouse file a joint return for the taxable year.

(B) Application of paragraph (1)

     In the case of a joint return—

     (i) paragraph (1) (other than subparagraph (C) thereof) shall be applied separately with respect to each spouse, but

     (ii) paragraph (1)(C) shall be applied with respect to their combined adjusted gross income.

(C) Determination of marital status

     For purposes of this subsection, marital status shall be determined under section 7703(a).

(D) Joint return

     For purposes of this subsection, the term "joint return" means the joint return of a husband and wife made under section 6013.

(c) Certain arrangements not treated as reimbursement arrangements

     For purposes of subsection (a)(2)(A), an arrangement shall in no event be treated as a reimbursement or other expense allowance arrangement if—

     (1) such arrangement does not require the employee to substantiate the expenses covered by the arrangement to the person providing the reimbursement, or

     (2) such arrangement provides the employee the right to retain any amount in excess of the substantiated expenses covered under the arrangement.

The substantiation requirements of the preceding sentence shall not apply to any expense to the extent that substantiation is not required under section 274(d) for such expense by reason of the regulations prescribed under the 2nd sentence thereof.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 17; Pub. L. 87–792, § 7(b), Oct. 10, 1962, 76 Stat. 828; Pub. L. 88–272, title II, § 213(b), Feb. 26, 1964, 78 Stat. 52; Pub. L. 91–172, title V, § 531(b), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 655; Pub. L. 93–406, title II, §§ 2002(a)(2), 2005(c)(9), Sept. 2, 1974, 88 Stat. 959, 992; Pub. L. 93–483, § 6(a), Oct. 26, 1974, 88 Stat. 1458; Pub. L. 94–455, title V, § 502(a), title XV, § 1501(b)(1), title XIX, § 1901(a)(8), (9), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1559, 1735, 1765; Pub. L. 95–615, § 203(b), Nov. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 3106; Pub. L. 96–451, title III, § 301(b), Oct. 14, 1980, 94 Stat. 1990; Pub. L. 96–608, § 3(a), Dec. 28, 1980, 94 Stat. 3551; Pub. L. 97–34, title I, §§ 103(b), 112(b)(2), title III, § 311(h)(1), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 187, 195, 282; Pub. L. 97–354, § 5(a)(17), Oct. 19, 1982, 96 Stat. 1693; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title IV, § 491(d)(2), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 849; Pub. L. 99–514, title I, §§ 131(b)(1), 132(b), (c), title III, § 301(b)(1), title XVIII, § 1875(c)(3), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2113, 2115, 2116, 2217, 2894; Pub. L. 100–485, title VII, § 702(a), Oct. 13, 1988, 102 Stat. 2426; Pub. L. 100–647, title I, § 1001(b)(3)(A), title VI, § 6007(b), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3349, 3687; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, § 11802(e)(1), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–530; Pub. L. 102–318, title V, § 521(b)(2), July 3, 1992, 106 Stat. 310; Pub. L. 102–486, title XIX, § 1913(a)(2), Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 3019; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, § 13213(c)(1), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 474; Pub. L. 104–188, title I, § 1401(b)(4), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1788; Pub. L. 104–191, title III, § 301(b), Aug. 21, 1996, 110 Stat. 2048; Pub. L. 105–34, title II, § 202(b), title IX, § 975(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 808, 898; Pub. L. 106–554, § 1(a)(7) [title II, § 202(b)(1)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A–629.)

Amendments

     2000—Subsec. (a)(16). Pub. L. 106–554 amended heading and text of par. (16) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The deduction allowed by section 220."

     1997—Subsec. (a)(2)(C). Pub. L. 105–34, § 975(a), added subpar. (C).

     Subsec. (a)(17). Pub. L. 105–34, § 202(b), added par. (17).

     1996—Subsec. (a)(8). Pub. L. 104–188 struck out par. (8) which read as follows: "Certain portion of lump-sum distributions from pension plans taxed under section 402(d).—The deduction allowed by section 402(d)(3)."

     Subsec. (a)(16). Pub. L. 104–191 added par. (16).

     1993—Subsec. (a)(15). Pub. L. 103–66 added par. (15).

     1992—Subsec. (a)(8). Pub. L. 102–318 substituted "402(d)" for "402(e)" in heading and in text.

     Subsec. (a)(14). Pub. L. 102–486 added par. (14).

     1990—Subsec. (a)(13). Pub. L. 101–508, § 11802(e)(1), amended par. (13) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (13) read as follows: "The deduction allowed by section 220."

     1988—Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 100–647, § 1001(b)(3)(A), inserted at end "The fact that the reimbursement may be provided by a third party shall not be determinative of whether or not the preceding sentence applies."

     Subsec. (a)(13). Pub. L. 100–647, § 6007(b), added par. (13).

     Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 100–485 added subsec. (c).

     1986—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–514, § 132(b)(2)(A), designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and added heading.

     Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 99–514, § 132(b)(1), amended par. (2) generally, substituting "Certain trade" for "Trade" in heading and inserting "of employees" in subpar. (A) heading, substituting provision relating to deduction of certain expenses of performing artists for provision relating to deduction of expenses for travel away from home in subpar. (B), and striking out subpar. (C) relating to deduction of travel expenses and subpar. (D) relating to deduction of expenses of outside salesmen.

     Subsec. (a)(3) to (5). Pub. L. 99–514, § 301(b)(1), redesignated pars. (4) to (6) as (3) to (5), respectively, and struck out former par. (3) which related to long-term capital gains and read as follows: "The deduction allowed by section 1202."

     Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 99–514, § 301(b)(1), redesignated par. (7) as (6). Former par. (6) redesignated (5).

     Pub. L. 99–514, § 1875(c)(3), struck out "to the extent attributable to contributions made on behalf of such individual" after "section 404".

     Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 99–514, § 301(b)(1), redesignated par. (10) as (7). Former par. (7) redesignated (6).

     Subsec. (a)(8). Pub. L. 99–514, § 301(b)(1), redesignated par. (11) as (8). Former par. (8) struck out.

     Pub. L. 99–514, § 132(c), struck out par. (8) which related to moving expense deduction and read as follows: "The deduction allowed by section 217."

     Subsec. (a)(9) to (15). Pub. L. 99–514, § 301(b)(1), redesignated pars. (12) to (15) as (9) to (12), respectively. Former pars. (10) and (11) redesignated (7) and (8), respectively.

     Subsec. (a)(16). Pub. L. 99–514, § 131(b)(1), struck out par. (16) which related to deduction for two-earner married couples and read as follows: "The deduction allowed by section 221."

     Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–514, § 132(b)(2)(B), added subsec. (b).

     1984—Par. (7). Pub. L. 98–369, § 491(d)(2), substituted "and annuity" for "annuity, and bond purchase" in heading, and substituted "the deduction allowed by section 404" for "the deductions allowed by section 404 and section 405(c)" in text.

     1983—Par. (9). Pub. L. 97–354 repealed par. (9) relating to the deduction allowed by section 1379(b)(3).

     1981—Par. (10). Pub. L. 97–34, § 311(h)(1), struck out "and the deduction allowed by section 220 (relating to retirement savings for certain married individuals)" after "retirement savings".

     Par. (14). Pub. L. 97–34, § 112(b)(2), redesignated par. (15) as (14). Former par. (14), relating to deduction for certain expenses of living abroad, was struck out.

     Par. (15). Pub. L. 97–34, § 112(b)(2), redesignated par. (16) as (15). Former par. (15) redesignated (14).

     Par. (16). Pub. L. 97–34, §§ 103(b), 112(b)(2), added par. (16). Former par. (16) redesignated (15).

     1980—Par. (15). Pub. L. 96–451 added par. (15).

     Par. (16). Pub. L. 96–608 added par. (16).

     1978—Par. (14). Pub. L. 95–615 added par. (14).

     1976—Par. (10). Pub. L. 94–455, § 1501(b)(1), inserted reference to the deduction allowed by section 220 (relating to retirement savings for certain married individuals).

     Pars. (11), (12). Pub. L. 94–455, § 1901(a)(8), (9), redesignated par. (11) relating to penalties forfeited because of premature withdrawal of funds from time savings accounts or deposits, as par. (12), and substituted "trade or business, to the extent" for "trade or business to the extent".

     Par. (13). Pub. L. 94–455, § 502(a), added par. (13).

     1974—Par. (10). Pub. L. 93–406, § 2002(a)(2), added par. (10).

     Par. (11). Pub. L. 93–483 added par. (11) relating to penalties forfeited because of premature withdrawal of funds from time savings accounts or deposits. Another par. (11) relating to certain portions of lump-sum distributions from pension plans taxed under section 402(e) of this title, was added by Pub. L. 93–406, § 2005(c)(9).

     1969—Par. (9). Pub. L. 91–172 added par. (9).

     1964—Par. (8). Pub. L. 88–272 added par. (8).

     1962—Par. (7). Pub. L. 87–792 added par. (7).

Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

     Section 202(e) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that: "The amendments made by this section [enacting section 221 of this title, amending this section and section 6050S of this title, and renumbering former section 221 of this title as section 222 of this title] shall apply to any qualified education loan (as defined in section 221(e)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as added by this section) incurred on, before, or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 5, 1997], but only with respect to—

"(1) any loan interest payment due and paid after December 31, 1997, and

"(2) the portion of the 60-month period referred to in section 221(d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as added by this section) after December 31, 1997."

     Section 975(b) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that: "The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to expenses paid or incurred in taxable years beginning after December 31, 1986."

Effective Date of 1996 Amendments

     Section 301(j) of Pub. L. 104–191 provided that: "The amendments made by this section [enacting sections 220 and 4980E of this title, amending this section and sections 106, 125, 848, 3231, 3306, 3401, 4973, 4975, 6051, and 6693 of this title, and renumbering section 220 of this title as section 221] shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1996."

     Amendment by Pub. L. 104–188 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1999, with retention of certain transition rules, see section 1401(c) of Pub. L. 104–188, set out as a note under section 402 of this title.

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

     Section 13213(e) of Pub. L. 103–66 provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 67, 82, 132, 217, 1001, 1016, and 4977 of this title] shall apply to expenses incurred after December 31, 1993; except that the amendments made by subsection (d) [amending sections 82, 132, and 4977 of this title] shall apply to reimbursements or other payments in respect of expenses incurred after such date."

Effective Date of 1992 Amendments

     Amendment by Pub. L. 102–486 applicable to property placed in service after June 30, 1993, see section 1913(c) of Pub. L. 102–486, set out as an Effective Date note under section 30 of this title.

     Amendment by Pub. L. 102–318 applicable to distributions after Dec. 31, 1992, see section 521(e) of Pub. L. 102–318, set out as a note under section 402 of this title.

Effective Date of 1988 Amendments

     Amendment by section 1001(b)(3)(A) of Pub. L. 100–647 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provision of the Tax Reform Act of 1986, Pub. L. 99–514, to which such amendment relates, see section 1019(a) of Pub. L. 100–647, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

     Section 6007(d) of Pub. L. 100–647 provided that: "The amendments made by this section [enacting section 220 of this title, amending this section, and renumbering former section 220 of this title as section 221 of this title] shall apply as if included in the amendments made by section 132 of the Tax Reform Act of 1986 [Pub. L. 99–514]."

     Section 702(b) of Pub. L. 100–485 provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1988."

Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

     Amendment by sections 131(b)(1) and 132(b), (c) of Pub. L. 99–514 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1986, see section 151(a) of Pub. L. 99–514, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

     Section 301(c) of Pub. L. 99–514 provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 170, 172, 219, 220, 223, 642, 643, 691, 871, 1211, 1212, and 1402 of this title and repealing section 1202 of this title] shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1986."

     Section 1875(c)(12) of Pub. L. 99–514 provided that: "The amendments made by paragraphs (3), (4), and (6) [amending this section and sections 219 and 408 of this title] shall take effect as if included in the amendments made by section 238 of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982 [section 238 of Pub. L. 97–248, see section 241 of Pub. L. 97–248, set out as an Effective Date note under section 416 of this title]."

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

     "Section 491(f)(1) of Pub. L. 98–369 provided that: "The amendments and repeals made by subsections (a), (b), and (d) [amending this section, sections 55, 72, 172, 219, 402, 403, 406, 407, 408, 412, 414, 415, 457, 2039, 2517, 3121, 3306, 3401, 4972, 4973, 4975, 6047, 6058, 6104, 6652, 7207, 7476, and 7701 of this title, section 3107 of Title 31, Money and Finance, and section 409 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, and repealing sections 405 and 409 of this title] shall apply to obligations issued after December 31, 1983."

Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

     Par. (9) as in effect before date of repeal by Pub. L. 97–354 to remain in effect for years beginning before Jan. 1, 1984, see section 6(b)(1) of Pub. L. 97–354, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3761 of this title.

Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

     Section 103(d) of Pub. L. 97–34 provided that: "The amendments made by this section [enacting section 219 of this title and amending this section and sections 85 and 105 of this title] shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1981."

     Amendment by sections 112(b)(2) and 311(h)(1) of Pub. L. 97–34 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1981, see sections 115 and 311(i)(1) of Pub. L. 97–34, set out as notes under sections 911 and 219, respectively, of this title.

Effective Date of 1980 Amendments

     Section 3(b) of Pub. L. 96–608 provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to repayments made in taxable years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 28, 1980]."

     Amendment by Pub. L. 96–451 applicable with respect to additions to capital account made after Dec. 31, 1979, see section 301(d) of Pub. L. 96–451, set out as an Effective Date note under section 194 of this title.

Effective Date of 1978 Amendment; Election of Prior Law

     Amendment by Pub. L. 95–615 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1977, with provision for election of prior law, see section 209 of Pub. L. 95–615, set out as a note under section 911 of this title.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

     Section 502(c) of Pub. L. 94–455 provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 3402 of this title] shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1976."

     Section 1501(d) of Pub. L. 94–455 provided that: "The amendments made by this section [enacting section 220 of this title, amending this section and sections 219, 408, 409, 3401, 4973, and 6047 of this title, and renumbering former section 220 as 221 of this title], other than the amendment made by subsection (b)(3), shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1976. The amendment made by subsection (b)(3) [amending section 415 of this title] shall apply to years beginning after December 31, 1976."

     Amendment by section 1901(a)(8), (9) of Pub. L. 94–455 applicable with respect to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1976, see section 1901(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 2 of this title.

Effective Date of 1974 Amendments

     Section 6(b) of Pub. L. 93–483 provided that: "The amendment made by this section [amending this section] applies to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1972."

     Amendment by section 2002(a)(2) of Pub. L. 93–406 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1974, see section 2002(i)(1) of Pub. L. 93–406, set out as an Effective Date note under section 219 of this title.

     Amendment by section 2005(c)(9) of Pub. L. 93–406 applicable only with respect to distributions or payments made after Dec. 31, 1973, in taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1973, see section 2005(d) of Pub. L. 93–406, set out as a note under section 402 of this title.

Effective Date of 1969 Amendment

     Amendment by Pub. L. 91–172 applicable with respect to taxable years of electing small business corporations beginning after Dec. 31, 1970, see section 531(d) of Pub. L. 91–172, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1379 of this title.

Effective Date of 1964 Amendment

     Section 213(d) of Pub. L. 88–272 provided that: "The amendments made by subsections (a) [enacting section 217 and redesignating former section 217 as 218] and (b) [amending this section] shall apply to expenses incurred after December 31, 1963, in taxable years ending after such date. The amendment made by subsection (c) [amending section 3401 of this title] shall apply with respect to remuneration paid after the seventh day following the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 26, 1964]."

Effective Date of 1962 Amendment

     Amendment by Pub. L. 87–792 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1962, see section 8 of Pub. L. 87–792, set out as a note under section 22 of this title.

Savings Provision

     For provisions that nothing in amendment by Pub. L. 101–508 be construed to affect treatment of certain transactions occurring, property acquired, or items of income, loss, deduction, or credit taken into account prior to Nov. 5, 1990, for purposes of determining liability for tax for periods ending after Nov. 5, 1990, see section 11821(b) of Pub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 29 of this title.

Plan Amendments Not Required Until January 1, 1998

     For provisions directing that if any amendments made by subtitle D [§§ 1401–1465] of title I of Pub. L. 104–188 require an amendment to any plan or annuity contract, such amendment shall not be required to be made before the first day of the first plan year beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1998, see section 1465 of Pub. L. 104–188, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.

Plan Amendments Not Required Until January 1, 1994

     For provisions directing that if any amendments made by subtitle B [§§ 521–523] of title V of Pub. L. 102–318 require an amendment to any plan, such plan amendment shall not be required to be made before the first plan year beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1994, see section 523 of Pub. L. 102–318, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.

Plan Amendments Not Required Until January 1, 1989

     For provisions directing that if any amendments made by subtitle A or subtitle C of title XI [§§ 1101–1147 and 1171–1177] or title XVIII [§§ 1800–1899A] of Pub. L. 99–514 require an amendment to any plan, such plan amendment shall not be required to be made before the first plan year beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1989, see section 1140 of Pub. L. 99–514, as amended, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.

Commuting Expenses

     Pub. L. 95–427, § 2, Oct. 7, 1978, 92 Stat. 996, as amended by Pub. L. 96–167, § 2, Dec. 29, 1979, 93 Stat. 1275, provided that with respect to transportation costs paid or incurred after December 31, 1976, and on or before May 31, 1981, the application of sections 62, 162, and 262 and of chapters 21, 23, and 24 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 [now 1986] to transportation expenses in traveling between a taxpayer’s residence and place of work be determined without regard to Revenue Ruling 76–453 or any other regulation, ruling, or decision reaching the same or similar result, and with full regard to the rules in effect before that Revenue Ruling.

     Pub. L. 95–615, § 2, Nov. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 3097, provided that with respect to transportation costs paid or incurred after Dec. 31, 1976, and before Apr. 30, 1978, the application of sections 62, 162, and 262 and chapters 21, 23, and 24 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 [now 1986] to transportation expenses in traveling between a taxpayer’s residence and place of work be determined without regard to Revenue Ruling 76–453 or any other regulation, ruling or decision reaching the same or similar result, and with full regard to the rules in effect before that Revenue Ruling, and ceased to have effect on the day after Nov. 8, 1978 pursuant to section 210(a) of that Act.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

     This section is referred to in sections 162, 3402 of this title; title 20 section 1087e; title 21 section 849; title 42 section 1396o.

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Chicago: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel", "§ 62. Adjusted Gross Income Defined," U.S. Code, Title 26, Internal Revenue Code in U.S. Code, Title 26, Internal Revenue Code (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 2002), Original Sources, accessed October 4, 2022, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=KQEP7ALZVWFUU5W.

MLA: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel". "§ 62. Adjusted Gross Income Defined." U.S. Code, Title 26, Internal Revenue Code, in U.S. Code, Title 26, Internal Revenue Code, Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office, 2002, Original Sources. 4 Oct. 2022. http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=KQEP7ALZVWFUU5W.

Harvard: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel", '§ 62. Adjusted Gross Income Defined' in U.S. Code, Title 26, Internal Revenue Code. cited in 2002, U.S. Code, Title 26, Internal Revenue Code, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.. Original Sources, retrieved 4 October 2022, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=KQEP7ALZVWFUU5W.