Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution, Vol. 4

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Reduction of the Standing Army
January 5, 1800

Mr. RANDOLPH. I suppose the establishment of a standing army on the country not only a useless and enormous expense, but, upon the ground of the Constitution, the spirit of that instrument and the genius of a flee people are equally hostile to this dangerous institution, which [p.442] ought to be resorted to (if it all) only in extreme cases of difficulty and danger, yet let it be remembered that usage, that immemorial custom: is paramount in every written obligation; and let us beware at engrafting this abuse upon the Constitution. A people who mean to continue free must be prepared to meet danger in person, not to rely upon the fallacious protection of mercenary armies.

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Chicago: Elliot, Jonathan, ed., "Reduction of the Standing Army January 5, 1800," Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution, Vol. 4 in The Debates in the Several State Conventions, on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution, as Recommended by the General Convention at Philadelphia, in 1787 (Philadelphia: J. B. Lipincott Company, 1901), Original Sources, accessed October 1, 2022, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=L1XU56IAKD12CAN.

MLA: . "Reduction of the Standing Army January 5, 1800." Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution, Vol. 4, edited by Elliot, Jonathan, in The Debates in the Several State Conventions, on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution, as Recommended by the General Convention at Philadelphia, in 1787, Vol. 4, Philadelphia, J. B. Lipincott Company, 1901, Original Sources. 1 Oct. 2022. http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=L1XU56IAKD12CAN.

Harvard: (ed.), 'Reduction of the Standing Army January 5, 1800' in Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution, Vol. 4. cited in 1901, The Debates in the Several State Conventions, on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution, as Recommended by the General Convention at Philadelphia, in 1787, J. B. Lipincott Company, Philadelphia. Original Sources, retrieved 1 October 2022, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=L1XU56IAKD12CAN.