The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria

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Author: Theophilus Goldridge Pinches

Other Star-Names.

Other names of stars or constellations include "the weapon of Merodach’s hand," probably that with which he slew the dragon of Chaos; "the Horse," which is described as "the god Zû," Rimmon’s storm-bird—Pegasus; "the Serpent," explained as Ereš-ki-gal, the queen of Hades, who would therefore seem to have been conceived in that form; "the Scorpion," which is given as /Išhara tântim/, "Išhara of the sea," a description difficult to explain, unless it refer to her as the goddess of the Phœnician coast. Many other identifications, exceedingly interesting, await solution.

How the gods were represented. On cylinder-seals.

Many representations of the gods occur, both on bas-reliefs, boundarystones, and cylindrical and ordinary seals. Unfortunately, their identification generally presents more or less difficulty, on account of the absence of indications of their identity. On a small cylinderseal in the possession of the Rev. Dr. W. Hayes Ward, Merodach is shown striding along the serpentine body of Tiawath, who turns her head to attack him, whilst the god threatens her with a pointed weapon which he carries. Another, published by the same scholar, shows a deity, whom he regards as being Merodach, driven in a chariot drawn by a winged lion, upon whose shoulders stands a naked goddess, holding thunderbolts in each hand, whom he describes as Zer-panîtum. Another cylinder-seal shows the corn-deity, probably Nisaba, seated in flounced robe and horned hat, with corn-stalks springing out from his shoulders, and holding a twofold ear of corn in his hand, whilst an attendant introduces, and another with a threefold ear of corn follows, a man carrying a plough, apparently as an offering. On another, a beautiful specimen from Assyria, Ištar is shown standing on an Assyrian lion, which turns his head as if to caress her feet. As goddess of war, she is armed with bow and arrows, and her star is represented upon the crown of her tiara.

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Chicago: Theophilus Goldridge Pinches, "Other Star-Names.," The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria, trans. Weber, Gottfried in The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria Original Sources, accessed September 27, 2022, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=LIYTMMDXIEVXX9K.

MLA: Pinches, Theophilus Goldridge. "Other Star-Names." The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria, translted by Weber, Gottfried, in The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria, Original Sources. 27 Sep. 2022. http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=LIYTMMDXIEVXX9K.

Harvard: Pinches, TG, 'Other Star-Names.' in The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria, trans. . cited in , The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria. Original Sources, retrieved 27 September 2022, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=LIYTMMDXIEVXX9K.