U.S. Code, Title 12, Banks and Banking

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Author: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel"

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§ 1834. Reduced Assessment Rate for Deposits Attributable to Lifeline Accounts

(a) Qualification of lifeline accounts by Federal Reserve Board

(1) In general

     The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall establish minimum requirements for accounts providing basic transaction services for consumers at insured depository institutions in order for such accounts to qualify as lifeline accounts for purposes of this section and section 1817(b)(2)(H) of this title.

(2) Factors to be considered

     In determining the minimum requirements under paragraph (1) for lifeline accounts at insured depository institutions, the Board and the Corporation shall consider the following factors:

     (A) Whether the account is available to provide basic transaction services for individuals who maintain a balance of less than $1,000 or such other amount which the Board may determine to be appropriate.

     (B) Whether any service charges or fees to which the account is subject, if any, for routine transactions do not exceed a minimal amount.

     (C) Whether any minimum balance or minimum opening requirement to which the account is subject, if any, is not more than a minimal amount.

     (D) Whether checks, negotiable orders of withdrawal, or similar instruments for making payments or other transfers to third parties may be drawn on the account.

     (E) Whether the depositor is permitted to make more than a minimal number of withdrawals from the account each month by any means described in subparagraph (D) or any other means.

     (F) Whether a monthly statement itemizing all transactions for the monthly reporting period is made available to the depositor with respect to such account or a passbook is provided in which all transactions with respect to such account are recorded.

     (G) Whether depositors are permitted access to tellers at the institution for conducting transactions with respect to such account.

     (H) Whether other account relationships with the institution are required in order to open any such account.

     (I) Whether individuals are required to meet any prerequisite which discriminates against low-income individuals in order to open such account.

     (J) Such other factors as the Board may determine to be appropriate.

(3) Definitions

     For purposes of this subsection—

(A) Board

     The term "Board" means the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

(B) Insured depository institution

     The term "insured depository institution" has the meaning given to such term in section 1813(c)(2) of this title.

(C) Lifeline account

     The term "lifeline account" means any transaction account (as defined in section 461(b)(1)(C) of this title) which meets the minimum requirements established by the Board under this subsection.

(b) Omitted

(c) Availability of funds

     The provisions of this section shall not take effect until appropriations are specifically provided in advance. There are hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

(Pub. L. 102–242, title II, § 232, Dec. 19, 1991, 105 Stat. 2308; Pub. L. 102–550, title XVI, §§ 1604(b)(1), 1605(a)(3), Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 4083, 4085; Pub. L. 102–558, title III, §§ 303(b)(1), (4), 305, Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 4224–4226; Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title II, § 2704(d)(16), Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–495.)

Codification

     Section was enacted as part of the Bank Enterprise Act of 1991, and also as part of the Foreign Bank Supervision Enhancement Act of 1991 and as part of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991, and not as part of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act which comprises this chapter.

     Section is comprised of section 232 of Pub. L. 102–242. Subsec. (b) of section 232 of Pub. L. 102–242 amended section 1817 of this title.

Amendments

     1996—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104–208, which directed substitution of "section 1817(b)(2)(G) of this title" for "section 1817(b)(2)(H) of this title", was not executed. See Effective Date of 1996 Amendment note below.

     1992—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 102–558, § 303(b)(4), substituted "section 1817(b)(2)(H)" for "section 1817(b)(10)". Pub. L. 102–550, § 1605(a)(3), which made an identical amendment, was repealed, effective Oct. 28, 1992, by Pub. L. 102–558, § 305, set out as a Repeal of Duplicative Provisions note under section 1815 of this title.

     Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102–558, § 303(b)(1), made technical correction to directory language of subsec. (b)(1). See Codification note above. Pub. L. 102–550, § 1604(b)(1), which made a similar amendment, was repealed, effective Oct. 28, 1992, by Pub. L. 102–558, § 305, set out as a Repeal of Duplicative Provisions note under section 1815 of this title.

Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

     Amendment by Pub. L. 104–208 effective Jan. 1, 1999, if no insured depository institution is a savings association on that date, see section 2704(c) of Pub. L. 104–208, set out as a note under section 1821 of this title.

Effective Date of 1992 Amendments

     Section 303(b)(4) of Pub. L. 102–558 provided that the amendment made by that section is effective on the effective date of the amendment made by section 302(a) of Pub. L. 102–242 [see section 302(g) of Pub. L. 102–242, set out as a note under section 1817 of this title].

     Section 1605(a)(3) of Pub. L. 102–550, which provided effective date provisions for the amendment made by that section, was repealed, effective Oct. 28, 1992, by section 305 of Pub. L. 102–558, set out as a Repeal of Duplicative Provisions note under section 1815 of this title.

Section Referred to in Other Sections

     This section is referred to in section 1817 of this title.

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Chicago: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel", "§ 1834. Reduced Assessment Rate for Deposits Attributable to Lifeline Accounts," U.S. Code, Title 12, Banks and Banking in U.S. Code, Title 12, Banks and Banking (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 2002), Original Sources, accessed August 22, 2019, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=PWBJAW8UPUGVAV2.

MLA: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel". "§ 1834. Reduced Assessment Rate for Deposits Attributable to Lifeline Accounts." U.S. Code, Title 12, Banks and Banking, in U.S. Code, Title 12, Banks and Banking, Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office, 2002, Original Sources. 22 Aug. 2019. www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=PWBJAW8UPUGVAV2.

Harvard: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel", '§ 1834. Reduced Assessment Rate for Deposits Attributable to Lifeline Accounts' in U.S. Code, Title 12, Banks and Banking. cited in 2002, U.S. Code, Title 12, Banks and Banking, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.. Original Sources, retrieved 22 August 2019, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=PWBJAW8UPUGVAV2.