U.S. Code, Title 23, Highways

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Author: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel"

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Title 23—Highways

This title was enacted by Pub. L. 85–767, § 1, Aug. 27, 1958, 72 Stat. 885

Chap.     Sec.

1.     Federal Aid Highways 1     101

1 So in original. Does not conform to chapter heading.

2.     Other Highways     201

3.     General Provisions     301

4.     Highway Safety     401

5.     Research and Technology     501

Amendments

     1998—Pub. L. 105–178, title V, § 5101(1), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 422, added item for chapter 5.

     1966—Pub. L. 89–564, title I, § 102(b)(3), Sept. 9, 1966, 80 Stat. 735, added item for chapter 4.

Table Showing Disposition of All Sections of Former Title 23

Title 23 Former Sections

Title 23 New Sections

1     Rep.

2     101

2a     101(a)

2b     101(a)

3     Rep.

3a     Rep.

3b     Rep.

4     Rep.

5     Rep.

6     103(b), (e), 105(c), 121(c)

6–1     103(c)

6a     103(d)

6a–1     105(d)

6a–2     310

6b     Rep.

6c     Rep.

7     110(a)

8     109(a)

8a     109(a), 112(a)

9     301

9a     129(a)

9a–1     Rep.

9b     129(a)

10     109(a)

10a     Rep.

10b     Rep.

10c     Rep.

11     Rep.

12     105(a), 106(a), (c), 121(d)

12a     121(c)

12b     Rep.

13     114(a)

13–1     112(b), (c)

13a     Rep.

13b     103(d)

14     121(a), (b), (e)

14a     Elim.

15     Rep.

16     Rep.

17     316

18     317(a)–(c)

19     315

20     Rep.

20a     Rep.

21     104(a), (b)(1)

21–1     307(a), (b)

21a     104(b), 105(a), 106(a), 114(a), 118(a), (c)

21a–1     Rep.

21a–2     Elim.

21b     Rep.

21c     311

21d     Rep.

21e     122

22     104(e)

23     101(a), 202(b), 204(a)–(c), 205(a)–(c)

23a     Rep.

23b     Rep.

23b–1     Rep.

23c     205(c)

24     Rep.

24a     109(e)

25     Rep.

26     Rep.

41     101(a), 105(e)

41a     101(a), 103(b)

41b     101(a), 103(b)

42     Rep.

43     Rep.

44     Rep.

45     Elim.

46     See T. 18 § 1020

47–53     Rep.

54     Elim.

54a     Rep.

54b     Elim.

55     126

55a     Rep.

55b     126(b)

56     Rep.

57     314

58     Elim.

59     Elim.

59a     Rep.

60     103(d)

61     307(c)

62     318

63     109(d)

64     320(a)

65     320(b)

66     320(c)

67     320(d)

68     320(e)

69     320(f)

70     313

71     303(a)

72     303 note

73     303(a)

101     Rep.

101a     Rep.

102     Rep.

103     Rep.

104     Rep.

105     Rep.

106     210(a), (b)

107     Rep.

108     Rep.

109     Rep.

110     Rep.

111     Rep.

112     Rep.

113     Rep.

114     210(e)

115     308(a)

116     Rep.

117     312

151(a)     104 note

151(b), (c)     104(c), 117(a)–(c), 118(b)

152     204(f), 205(d)

153     206(a), 207(a), 208(a), (b)

154     209(a)

155     203

156     101(b), 103(f), 104(b)(1), 116(d), 119(a), (b), 120(h)

157     103(d)

158(a)     101(b)

158(b)     101 note

158(c)     104(b)(4)

158(d)     104(b)(5)

158(d)     104 note

158(e)     120(c)

158(f), (g)     118(c)

158(h)     115

158(i)     109(b)

158(j)     127

158(k)     307 note

159     107

160     108

161     124

162     123

163     111

164     129(b)–(d)

165     Elim.

166     113

167     101(b), 128(a), (b), 304

168     Elim.

169 (less last proviso)     Rep.

169 (last proviso)     Elim.

170     305

171     306

172     Rep.

173     120 note

174     307 note

175     Elim.

Citation

     Section 1 of Pub. L 85–767, Aug. 27, 1958, 72 Stat. 885, provided in part that this title may be cited as "Title 23, United States Code, § —".

Repeals

     Section 2 of Pub. L. 85–767, Aug. 27, 1958, 72 Stat. 919, repealed the sections or parts of sections of the Revised Statutes or Statutes at Large covering provisions codified in this title.

Construction

     Section 3 of Pub. L. 85–767, Aug. 27, 1958, 72 Stat. 921, provided that:

     "(a) If any provision of title 23, as enacted by section 1 of this Act or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the title and the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances shall not be affected thereby.

     "(b) The provisions of this Act shall be subject to Reorganization Plan Numbered 5 of 1950 (64 Stat. 1263) [set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees]."

Savings Provision

     Section 4 of Pub. L. 85–767, Aug. 27, 1958, 72 Stat. 921, provided that: "Any rights or liabilities now existing under prior Acts or portions thereof shall not be affected by the repeal of such prior Acts or portions under section 2 of this Act."

Recodification of Title 23

     Pub. L. 104–59, title III, § 357(a), Nov. 28, 1995, 109 Stat. 625, provided that: "The Secretary [of Transportation] shall, by March 31, 1997, prepare and submit to Congress a draft legislative proposal of necessary technical and conforming amendments to title 23, United States Code, and related laws."

     Pub. L. 102–240, title I, § 1066, Dec. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 2006, provided that the Secretary of Transportation was to have prepared, by Oct. 1, 1993, a proposed recodification of title 23, United States Code, and related laws for submission to Congress for consideration, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–59, title III, § 357(b), Nov. 28, 1995, 109 Stat. 625.

Title Referred to in Other Sections

     This title is referred to in title 16 section 3172; title 25 section 4305; title 40 sections 345c, 818; title 40 App. sections 201, 214; title 42 sections 7506, 7509; title 49 sections 5303, 5304, 5305, 5306, 5334, 22301, 31102.

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Chicago: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel", "Title 23— Highways," U.S. Code, Title 23, Highways in U.S. Code, Title 23, Highways (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 2002), Original Sources, accessed July 2, 2022, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=RC7BSB2GDJT1IH7.

MLA: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel". "Title 23— Highways." U.S. Code, Title 23, Highways, in U.S. Code, Title 23, Highways, Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office, 2002, Original Sources. 2 Jul. 2022. http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=RC7BSB2GDJT1IH7.

Harvard: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel", 'Title 23— Highways' in U.S. Code, Title 23, Highways. cited in 2002, U.S. Code, Title 23, Highways, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.. Original Sources, retrieved 2 July 2022, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=RC7BSB2GDJT1IH7.