U.S. Code, Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure

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Author: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel"

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Title 18—Crimes and Criminal Procedure

This title was enacted by act June 25, 1948, ch. 645, § 1, 62 Stat. 683

Part     Sec.

I.     Crimes     1

II.     Criminal Procedure     3001

III.     Prisons and Prisoners     4001

IV.     Correction of Youthful Offenders     5001

V.     Immunity of Witnesses     6001

Amendments

     1970—Pub. L. 91–452, title II, § 201(b), Oct. 15, 1970, 84 Stat. 928, added Part V.

Table Showing Disposition of All Sections of Former Title 18

Title 18 Former Sections

Title 18 New Sections

1, 2      2381

3      2382

4      2383

5      953

6      2384

7      2389

8      2390

9      2387

10      2385

11      2385, 2387

12      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 41(c).

13      2385, 2387

14–17      2386

21      958

22      959

23      962

24      961

25      960

26      T. 22 § 461

27      T. 22 § 462

28      T. 22 § 463

29      T. 22 § 464

30      959

31      967

32      963

33      964

34      965

35      966

36      963, 964, 965, 966, 967

37      756, 3058

38      T. 22 § 465

39      5, 3241

51      241

52      242

53      Rep.

53a      2236

54      372

55      592

56–58      593

59      592, 593

61      594

61a      595

61b      600

61c      601

61d      604

61e      605

61f      598

61g      594, 595, 598, 600, 601, 604, 605

61h      T. 5 § 118i (See Rev. T. 5 Table)

61i      T. 5 § 118j (See Rev. T. 5 Table)

61j, 61k      Rep.

61l      T. 5 § 118k (See Rev. T. 5 Table)

61m      608

61m–1      611

61n      595

61o      T. 5 § 118l (See Rev. T. 5 Table)

61p      T. 5 § 118m (See Rev. T. 5 Table)

61q      Rep.

61r      T. 5 § 118n (See Rev. T. 5 Table)

61s      595

61t      610

61u      595

61v–61x      Elim.

62–62b      612

71      497

72      494

73      495

74      1002

75      1016

76      912

76a, 76b      701

76c      707, 916

76d      707

76e      705

77      Rep.

77a      913

78      914

79      1003

80      287, 1001

81      289

82      641, 1361

83      286

84      1022

85      1023

86      1024

87      641

88      371

89      871

90      T. 34 § 1167 (See Rev. T. 34 Table)

91      201

92      285

93      434

94      1381

95      1232

96      2152

97      1382

97a      1383

97b      757

98      11, 957

99      2112

100      641

101      641, 3435

102      Rep.

103      1852

103a, 103b      1851

104      1853

105      1854

106      1855

107      1856

107a      1863

108      3613

109      1862

110      1857

111      1858

112      1859

113      1860

114      1861

115      T. 25 § 202

116      1362

117      2074

118      111

119      496

120      551

121      2231, 2232, 2233

122      T. 19 § 70

123      912

124      211

125      543

126      541

127      1019

128      2233

129      507

130      1017

131      506

132      499

133      5

134, 135      Rep.

136      498

137–143      Rep.

144      2194

145      41

146      508

147      509

148      3056

149      210

150      211

151      210, 211

171      872

172      652

173      653

174      650

175      648

176      643

177, 178      649

178a      371

179      3497

180      3487

181      6514

182      641

183      654

184      435

185      646

186      645

187      647

188      2075

189      2073

190, 191      Rep.

192      1901

193      291

194      1091

195      1018

196      1912

198, 198a      283

199      205

200      204

201      1913

202      216

203      281

204      431

205      432

206      433

207      202

208      602

209      603

210      606

211      607

212      602, 603, 606, 607

213      T. 5 § 118o (See Rev. T. 5 Table)

214      1902

215      2072

216      1905

231      1621

232      1622

233      1506

234, 235      2071

236      505

237      206

238      207

239      208

240      210

241      1503

241a      1505

242      Rep.

243      1504

244      755

245      1501

246      752, 1071

247      752

248      753

249      754

250      873

251      4

252      752, 1792

253      1114, 2231

254      111, 2231

261      8

262      471

263      Rep.

264      474

265      472

266      476

267      477

268      473

269      642

270      478

271      479

272      482

273      483

274      480

275      481

276      484

277      485

278      490

279      331

280      332

281      486

282, 282a      491

283      487

284      488

285      489

286      492

287      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 41(a), (b), (f).

288      11

289      335

290      Rep.

291      333

292      475

293      336

294      371

301      12

302      1729

303      1693

304      1696

305      1697

306      1696

307      1694

308      1695

309      1696

310      1730

311      1731

312      1706

313      1707

314      1704

315      2115

316      2116

317      1702, 1708

318      1703, 1709

319      1703, 1710

320      2114

321      1705, 1708

321a      1725

322      1700

323      1698

324, 325      1701

326      1724

327      1699

328      1720

329      1712

330      1726

331      1721

332      1727

333      1713

334      1461

335      1463, 1718

336      1302

337      1303

338      1341

338a      876, 3239

338b      877, 3239

338c      1714

338d      Rep.

339      1342

340      1716

341, 342      Rep.

343–345      1717

346      5, 1717

347      500

348      501

349      11, 502

349a      503

350      504

351      1723

352      1732

353      1722

354      288

355      1711, 3497

356      440

357      1719

358      1728

359      1692

360      12

361      1715

381      5, 1364

382      831, 832

383      835

384      833

385      832, 833, 834, 835

386      832, 833, 834, 835

387      1301

388      1264

389      1265

390      1263

391      42

392      43

393      44

393a      43, 44, 3054, 3112

394      42, 43, 44

395      T. 16 § 667e

396      1462

396a, 396b      1761

396c–396e      1762

397, 398      2421

399      2422

400      2423

401      2421

402(1)      T. 8 § 1557

402(2), (3)      2424

403      Rep.

404      2421

405–407      Rep.

407a      1231

408      10, 2311, 2312, 2313

408a      1201

408b      10

408c      1201

408c–1      1202

408d      875, 3239

408e      1073

409      659, 660, 2117

410, 411      659

412      660

412a      1992

413      Rep.

414(a)      10

414(b), (c)      2311

415      2314

416      2315

417      2311

418, 418a, 419      Rep.

419a(a)      2311

419a(b)      10

419b      2316

419c      2317

419d      Rep.

420      T. 4 § 112

420a to 420e–1      1951

420f–420h      1821

421, 422      1585

423      1584

424      1582

425      1585

426      1587

427      1586

428      1588

429–442      T. 46 §§ 1351–1364 (See Rev. T. 46 Table)

443      1583

444, 445      1581

446      1584

451      7

452      1111

453      1112

454      1111, 1112

455      113

456      1113

457      2031

458      2032

459      2198

460      2198, 3286, 3614

461      1115

462      114

463      2111

464      81, 1363

465      81, 1363

466      661

467      662, 3435

467a      1025

468      13

469–474      2199

481      1651

482      2191

483      2192

484      2193

485      1655

486      2195

487      2271

488      1658

489      1659

490      2276

491      2272

492      2273

493      1661

494      1654

495      1652

496      1653

497      1656

498      1657

499, 500      969

501      9

502      5, 2275

503, 504      2277

505      1081

506      1082

507      1083

508, 511–518      Rep.

518a      1384

519–521      Rep.

522      1991

523      244

532–535      Rep.

536      T. 50 § 42

541      1

542      3566

543      3567

544      3563

545      3564

546, 547      3231

548      1151, 1153, 3242

549      1151, 1153

550      2

551      3

552      1660

553      3236

554      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 6(f).

554a      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 6.

555      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 7(a).

556      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 6(d), 52(a).

556a      3288, 3289

556b      Rep.

557      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 8, 13, 14.

558      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 7.

559      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 7.

560      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 7.

561      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 12(b)(5).

562      3432

562a      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 10.

563      3005

564      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 11, 12(b)(3).

565      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 31(c).

566      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 31(a), (b).

567      1111

568      3570

569      3565

570      3612

571–573      Rep.

574      3241

575      3059

576      3401

576a      3402

576b–576d      3401

581      Rep.

581a, 581b      3281

582      3282

583      3290

584      3283

585      T. 26 [I.R.C. 1939] § 3748(a) (See T. 26 [I.R.C. 1986] § 6531)

586      T. 26 [I.R.C. 1939] § 3748(b) (See T. 26 [I.R.C. 1986] § 6531)

587      3288

588      3289

589      3288, 3289

590      Rep.

590a      3287

591      3041

592      Rep.

593      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 5(a).

594      3045

595      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 4, 5.

596, 597      3141

598      3144

599      3142

600      3143

601      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 46(f)(1), (2).

602      3047

603      4084

604      3049

605      3012

611–616      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 41.

617      3105

618, 619      3109

620–626      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 41.

627      Rep.

628      2231

629      1621

630      2235

631      2234

632      5

633      Rep.

641      3569

642, 643      T. 46 §§ 7, 8 (See Rev. T. 46 Table)

644      T. 28 § 1822

645      3611

646      3617

647      3616

651      3184

652      3185

653      3186

654      3188

655      3190

656      3191

657      3189

658      3181

659      3192

660      3051, 3193

661      752, 1502

662      3182, 3195

662a      5001

662b      3042

662c      752, 3183, 3195

662d      3187, 3195

662e      755

663      3194

664      Rep.

665      755

666, 667      Rep.

668      3195, 3498

669–676      D.C. Code, §§ 23–701, 23–702, 23–705

681      Rep. See Cr. Proc. R. 37.

682      3731

683      Rep.

687      3771

688      3772

689      3771, 3772

691      Rep.

692      4086

693–700      Rep.

701      4007

702      Rep.

703      4006

704      D.C. Code, § 24–424

704a      D.C. Code, § 24–423

705–707      Rep.

708, 709      436

709a      3568

710, 710a      4161

711      4166

712, 712a      Rep.

713      4163, 4165

714      4202

715      Rep.

716      4203, 4204

716a      4203

716b      4164

717      4205

718      4206

719      4207

720      Rep.

721      4281

722      Rep.

723      3570

723a      4201

723b      Rep.

723c      4205

724      3651

725      3653

726      3654

726–1, 726a      T. 28 § 604

727      3655

728      3656

729      T. 28 §§ 1495, 2513

730–732      T. 28 § 2513

733–733b      4085

741      4001

742–744      Rep.

744a      4122

744b      4125

744c      4122, 4123

744d–744f      4126

744g      4124

744h      4162

744h–l      Rep.

744i, 744j      4121

744k      4122

744l      4126

744m      4127

744n      4128

744o–744r      Elim.

745      Rep.

746      4281

746a      4282

746b      4283

747–749      Rep.

750      T. 5 § 678b (See Rev. T. 5 Table)

751, 752      4005

753      4041

753a      4042

753b      4002, 4042

753c      4003

753d      4009

753e      4001

753f      4082, 4083

753g      4008

753h      751

753i      752, 1072

753j      1791

753k      3050

754      4004

761      Rep.

762      4083

763–776, 791–801, 811–815      Rep.

816      4321

817–819, 831–840      Rep.

851      4125

852      Rep.

853–855      4125

871–875      Rep.

876      4241

877      4242

878      4243

879, 880, 901–906      Rep.

907      4081

908      1791

909      751

910      752, 1072

911, 912      Rep.

921      5031

922      5032, 5033

923      5033

924      5034

925      5035

926      5036

927      5037

928      Elim.

929      Rep.

Positive Law; Citation

     Section 1 of act June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 683, provided in part that: "Title 18 of the United States Code, entitled `Crimes and Criminal Procedure’, is hereby revised, codified and enacted into positive law, and may be cited as `Title 18, U.S.C., § —.’ "

Legislative Construction

     Section 19 of act June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 862, provided that: "No inference of a legislative construction is to be drawn by reason of the chapter in Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, as set out in section 1 of this Act, in which any particular section is placed, nor by reason of the catchlines used in such title."

Separability

     Section 18 of act June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 862, provided that: "If any part of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, as set out in section 1 of this Act, shall be held invalid the remainder shall not be affected thereby."

Effective Date

     Section 20 of act June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 862, provided that the revision of this title shall be effective Sept. 1, 1948.

Existing Rights or Liabilities

     Section 21 of act June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 862, provided in part that any right or liabilities now existing under repealed sections or parts thereof shall not be affected by the repeal.

Repealed, Transferred, and Omitted Sections

     All former sections of Title 18 were repealed, transferred to other titles, or omitted by said act June 25, 1948, except for sections 595, 644, 726–1, 726a, 729, 730, and 732 which were repealed by act June 25, 1948, ch. 646, 62 Stat. 687, the act revising and codifying Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure, into positive law.

Title Referred to in Other Sections

     This title is referred to in title 7 section 7734; title 8 sections 1160, 1253, 1255a, 1282, 1324, 1324c, 1325, 1326, 1327, 1328, 1534; title 10 sections 976, 2323, 2507, 2538; title 11 section 523; title 12 sections 93, 1441a, 1464, 1772d, 1786, 1818, 1822, 3108, 4204, 4224; title 15 sections 1245, 1681q, 1681r, 5408, 6823; title 16 sections 256b, 668dd, 707, 1437, 3373, 3375, 4224, 4306, 4912, 5010, 5305a, 5508; title 19 section 1308; title 21 sections 104, 333, 841, 844, 848, 858, 863, 960, 1906; title 22 sections 6744, 6761; title 28 sections 535, 994; title 29 section 1136; title 31 section 5324; title 33 sections 1321, 1415, 2609; title 36 section 509; title 38 sections 901, 5905, 6101, 6102; title 41 sections 54, 423; title 42 sections 263a, 274k, 289g–2, 290cc–32, 290dd–2, 300d–20, 300h–2, 300i–1, 300j–23, 300x–56, 300dd–9, 300ee–19, 405, 408, 1011, 1320b–6, 1383, 1383a, 1395ss, 1973gg–10, 3215, 3537a, 3631, 7413, 9603, 9612, 14081, 14405; title 46 sections 12507, 31306, 31330; title 46 App. section 808; title 47 sections 223, 559; title 48 sections 1424–4, 1614, 1821; title 49 sections 1155, 5124, 5126, 14903, 14905, 14909, 14912, 16102, 16103, 16104, 16105, 21311, 28302, 30307, 32507, 32709, 46306, 46307, 46308, 46309, 46310, 46311, 46312, 46313, 46314, 46315, 46316, 46504, 46505, 46506, 46507, 47126, 47306, 60123, 80116, 80501; title 50 section 421; title 50 App. sections 530, 531, 532, 534, 535.

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Chicago: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel", "Title 18— Crimes and Criminal Procedure," U.S. Code, Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure in U.S. Code, Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 2002), Original Sources, accessed July 23, 2024, http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=T633GLI2CNZPJGA.

MLA: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel". "Title 18— Crimes and Criminal Procedure." U.S. Code, Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, in U.S. Code, Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office, 2002, Original Sources. 23 Jul. 2024. http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=T633GLI2CNZPJGA.

Harvard: "U.S. Congress, Office of the Law Revision Counsel", 'Title 18— Crimes and Criminal Procedure' in U.S. Code, Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure. cited in 2002, U.S. Code, Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.. Original Sources, retrieved 23 July 2024, from http://www.originalsources.com/Document.aspx?DocID=T633GLI2CNZPJGA.